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POLB91H3 (73)
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Lecture 4

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLB91H3
Professor
R Rice
Semester
Winter

Description
LECTURE 4 Military Intervention and Security OUTLINE: I. Causes of Military Intervention II. The Military in Power III. Bringing Dictators to Justice IV. Crime, Violence and Insecurity _______________________________________________________________________ _ I. Causes of Military Intervention Coup d’etat: “strike at the state”; military takeover of power 1. The Nature of the Armed Force: explains the frequency and nature of military intervention based on the internal characteristics of the military itself. a) Origins of Officers: officers of humble origins are more likely to intervene in politics on behalf of the interests of the people. b) Training: officers whose training focuses on internal rather than external threats are more likely to intervene. c) Civic Action: Military personnel who participate in local development initiatives are more likely to intervene in politics. 2. The Nature of Civilian Regimes: argues that military intervention is more likely in weak political systems characterized by instability. a) Political Institutions: when civilian governments enjoy wide-spread support are legitimacy and there are effective channels of representation, military intervention is unlikely. b) Political Culture: societies which believe that democracy should be the only game in town are less likely to support and tolerate coups. c) Level of Development: poorer countries are more likely to suffer from military takeovers. GNP per capital = less than $500 means successful coup attempts and are successful; countries with GNP per capita that is greater than $3000 means no coup attempts. II. The Military in Power- Does military rule produce greater political stability +socio-economic development? 1. Combating Corruption- we would give them a fail because they are more corrupt. 2. Establishing Stability- effective in the short-term but not very pleasant for the citizens. In the long term there will be resentment by closing off the system. 3. Promoting Economic Development- semi-authoritarian East Asian Tigers. Might be more of a mix depending on the military intervention in power. Accumulation of debt was mostly under corrupt military regimes and this led to debt crisis. Key point: the endurance of military governments depends largely on their economic performance. In this respect, military regime can't survive for so long and can be quickly undermined. Which is why there was a massive shift in democracy in the 80s. III. Bringing Dictators to Justice • Truth Commission: a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrong doing by a military government. • Accountability Trials: the prosecution and sentencing of military personnel found guilty of past crimes against humanity. • Why Aren’t More Dictators Tried and Convict
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