PSYA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Unconscious Mind, Sigmund Freud, Ego Ideal

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02/10/2016
PSYA02H3 – Lecture 11: Personality Development, The Psychodynamic View
Sigmund Freud
Was a physiologist and had an expertise in observing people
Worked with Charcot in hypnosis
“The father of Psychoanalysis”
Psychodynamic Theory
Conscious mind – everything that you think about
Unconscious mind – experiences that you cannot remember
NOTE: It is difficult to bring unconscious mind to your conscious mind
The combination of three things determine our personality:
ID: basic animal instincts; urges and
desires (the devil on your shoulder)
oE.g.: Sexual, anger
oNo organization
oUnconsciousness (unaware of
these desires)
o“Pleasure principle” – immediate
gratification in any way possible
E.g.: you want sex in that
moment, you will do it
o“Libido” - the urges created by
survival instincts
SUPEREGO: the moral person that you want to be (guardian angel)
oPushes you towards the “right thing”
oConsciousness
o“Ego ideal “ – an idea of societal values
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EGO: the balance between the Id and the Superego
o“Reality principle” – tendency to satisfy Id’s desires, in realistic ways
Some people have different levels of each
oE.g.: some people cannot control their anger (Id) using their ego
oE.g.: you have an exam tomorrow morning; Id says to party, and
Superego says to continue studying. Your ego figures out a way to
balance the two things such as ~ (party after the exam!)
Conflicts of Personality Components
Conflicts happen between the Id, Superego, and Ego
oE.g.: “Freudian slips” – make a mistake with a word, and it comes out as
repressed feelings, such as calling your girlfriend the name of your ex-
girlfriend
oE.g.: People who like to tell dirty or racist jokes; may have things boiling in
the unconscious
Anxiety is when you listen to your Id or your Superego instead of using your Ego
to find an in between
Defense Mechanisms (See Table below) – the coping technique you use to deal
with anxiety. These are unconscious coping strategies.
oNOTE: Sublimation is the healthiest one
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