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Lecture 2

PSYB01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Public Knowledge, Falsifiability, Parenting Styles

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Anna Nagy

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PSYB01 LEC 2 Part 1
Why Science?
- Not the truth
- “Provides an objective set of rules for gathering, evaluating, and reporting
- Emotional and compassion that influence critical thinking
- Use of Systematic Empiricism
- Examination of Solvable Problems
- Production of Public Knowledge
Fundamental Characteristics of Scientific Method
Systematic Empiricism
- Knowledge based on systemic observations
- Conclusions about the nature of the world based on collection and
evaluation of data that is evaluated in a systematic way
Usually theory driven
Systematic framework to propose a hypothesis around the theory
that predicts the behavior, and create a framework to prove us
Empirically Solvable
- Are questions empirical?
IF empirical/testable (must be falsifiable):
Test measures
Theory Modification
- Examples…
Does God exist?
What is the meaning of life?
Do violent video games cause aggression in children?
- The results you obtained, depends on the lens you are looking through, and
the question you ask, and things that you want to be proven wrong
- Modeling do influence behavior
Ex. Parenting style, neighbourhood they live in
Science & Falsifiability
- Criterion of falsifiability
‘Common sense theory or folk myth often NOT falsifiable (has
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