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PSYB10H3 (558)
Lecture

Culture

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould

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PSYB10 LEC 17 CULTURE
Situational
What is culture?
An ever-changing, constructive stimulus which shapes the way individuals perceive and
contribute to the world
1.Dynamic
2.Influenced by members of the culture
3.Influences members of the culture (loop)
Nationality
- The country you were born in
- Primary way of defining cultures
Ethnicity
- Your cultural heritage
Identification
- Shared identity of group members
- the culture thats going to affect you, is the one that you identify your self-concept with
- families important in which culture you identify with
Meaning system
Symbols, language, experiences
Methaphysics
Beliefs about the world, universe, and existence
Perceptions of the world as whole and how it works, and why we’re here
Methodological Orientations
Culture- Comparative
Universalist approach to cultural psychology that assumes basic psychological processes
are fundamental to all humans
Most common approach in cultural psych
Think between-culture variation is comparable to within-culture variation
Cross Cultural
www.notesolution.com
Relativist approach to cultural psychology that assumes that human behaviour is
essentially cultural
Psychological processes are defined by the cultural context in which they occur
• Focus on within-culture variation
• Usually only discuss between-culture
differences qualitatively
Describing cultures
Individualist cultures
emphasizes personal achievement, even at the expense of others
greater emphasis on competition
E.g. Canada, Western Europe
Internal attributions describing the behaviour of individuals
Collectivist cultures
Emphasizes social roles and collective responsibilities even at the expense of the
individual
Greater emphasis on cooperation
E.g. China, Korea, Latin America
More external attributions
Not necessarily opposite; can co-exist ex. Japan
Political climate
Political structure greatly constrains behaviour and cultural expression
Sometimes government change can extinguish a culture
Because government creates structure
Religious beliefs
Dominant religious beliefs characterize a cultures moral reasoning and motivations
Religion also affects social roles and norms
Ecological differences
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB10 LEC 17 CULTURE Situational What is culture? An ever-changing, constructive stimulus which shapes the way individuals perceive and contribute to the world 1. Dynamic 2. Influenced by members of the culture 3. Influences members of the culture (loop) Nationality - The country you were born in - Primary way of defining cultures Ethnicity - Your cultural heritage Identification - Shared identity of group members - the culture thats going to affect you, is the one that you identify your self-concept with - families important in which culture you identify with Meaning system Symbols, language, experiences Methaphysics Beliefs about the world, universe, and existence Perceptions of the world as whole and how it works, and why were here Methodological Orientations Culture- Comparative Universalist approach to cultural psychology that assumes basic psychological processes are fundamental to all humans Most common approach in cultural psych Think between-culture variation is comparable to within-culture variation Cross Cultural www.notesolution.com
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