PSYB32H3 Lecture Notes - Lewis Terman, Natural Selection, Prenatal Development

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Published on 13 Oct 2012
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PSYB20 Lecture 1 Prof’s Speech - Purple
Slide 2 Development and the Developmental Sciences
- What is development?
o Development involves the systematic changes that occur in individuals between the
moment of conception and the moment of death.
Systematic changes implies that development changes are somehow orderly;
distinguishes between real changes (i.e. a haircut) and developmental changes
- What is the science of development?
o Developmental science versus developmental sciences
o Interdisciplinary nature of the study of development
Slide 3 Child Development in Historical Perspective
- Childhood in Medieval Times (6th - 15th centuries)
o The view of children
Painters would depict children playing games, loose clothing
15th century writings on how to raise children, laws recognizing that children
may need protection began to establish, as well as the awareness of children
being vulnerable beings
o The contradictory nature of childhood
Childhood was viewed as a separate period of life, different relative to adults
Teenagers were seen as not fully matured
Modern society views childhood as an extremely important part of life, children
do not have responsibilities of citizenship
- Childhood in the Reformation (16th century)
o The influence of the Puritans
Presented a negative view of childhood and children
Children = evil, and were born evil
As the Puritans migrated to the US, they took with them the belief that a child‟s
soul was tainted and he was born with “original sin”
o The idea of “original sin”
Idea that children were born evil
The role of a parent was to civilize and restrain children from following their evil
inclinations
Recommended harsh measures for parents to take in raising their
children
Puritans later began to adopt a more moderate view on child rearing recognized
that they needed to teach the child right from wrong
- Contemporary thoughts in child development have formed from centuries of theories
- We have to return to earlier theories to understand the current
- In religious texts, children were pure, innocent, but at the same time, children were talked about
as evil, possessed, and in need of purification
- 17th century in new philosophies, childhood was viewed much more humanely
Slide 4 Philosophical Roots of Human Development
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Document Summary

Slide 2 development and the developmental sciences. What is development: development involves the systematic changes that occur in individuals between the moment of conception and the moment of death. Systematic changes implies that development changes are somehow orderly; distinguishes between real changes (i. e. a haircut) and developmental changes. What is the science of development: developmental science versus developmental sciences. Slide 3 child development in historical perspective. Childhood in medieval times (6th - 15th centuries: the view of children. Painters would depict children playing games, loose clothing. 15th century writings on how to raise children, laws recognizing that children may need protection began to establish, as well as the awareness of children being vulnerable beings: the contradictory nature of childhood. Childhood was viewed as a separate period of life, different relative to adults. Teenagers were seen as not fully matured. Modern society views childhood as an extremely important part of life, children do not have responsibilities of citizenship.

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