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Lecture

PSYB45 Lec 9.docx


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Lec 9
Feb. 18
Chapter 10
Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control
ex. Hitting a homerun
- is the whole thing
target behaviour = swinging a bat
discriminative stimulus = presence of a ball
prompting an antecedent stimulus or event that controls a response
Response Prompts
gestural prompts gestures (pointing, etc), gestural, modeling and verbal
ex. Where teacher can use modeling to teach a behaviour
- kid learning to play baseball
- physical prompts going through motions
- modeling prompts if the kid is standing and teacher went over to the batters box and
performed a movement in their vicinity -> child is watching you do that
- verbal prompts anything you can say to help them initiate behaviour
stimulus prompts involve change in antecedent stimulus;
- within stimulus prompts : alterations to the SD or Sdelta
- extra-stimulus prompts something added
Fading need to remove reliance on response
gradual removal of a prompt while the response has to occur in presence of the natural stimulus
OR
the gradual change over successive trials of a stimulus that controls a response so that the response
eventually occurs to a partially change or completely new stimulus
Transfer of Stimulus Control
prompt fading gradual removal of a response prompt
- ex. Helping child move the bat in the right positions when they are putting in in the wrong positions
- stimulus fading gradual removal of a stimulus prompt
ex. Imagine there are many addition cue cards with the answer on the back
- target behaviour something we can objectively experience; getting someone to say the answer to the
cue cards response
- SD = every time you see the problem in front of you
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