PSYB57H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Perirhinal Cortex, Memory Rehearsal, Computer File

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14 Oct 2016
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One way to frame learning and memory: acquisition (e. g. , reading the textbook and attending lectures, storage (e. g. , storing this information in memory, retrieval (retrieving information that"s been stored on an exam). Analogy to creating, storing, and opening a computer file. The modal model: short-term memory (stm) Working memory (wm): a dynamic form of short-term memory: long-term memory (ltm) Working memory: the memory system responsible for the short-term material storage and manipulation of information. Analogy: in a computer, there are two means by which information is stored: Presented a long series of words (e. g. , 30) Look at the position in the list (serial recall) Memory rehearsal: allows transfer from wm to ltm. Better memory for the last few items. Having a filler task decreases the recency effect. Virtually all mental activities require working memory (wm): reading, goal-driven behavior, some tasks demand more wm resources than others. Individual differences in wm capacity predict some cognitive abilities (e. g. , iq).

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