PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Chinese Head Tax In Canada, Mental Chronometry, Implicit Stereotype

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
Psychology of Prejudice
PSYC12
Lecture 4
7th February 2013
Midterm- Friday March 1st 7-9 pm
70 multiple choice questions. Lectures and Chapters 1-5 (inclusive)
Maintenance of Stereotypes
Suppression
Ironically when people try not actively to think about something, you end up thinking about it even
more.
Stereotypes- are efficient, fulfill motivations and automatic.
But they are negatively impact targets.
So they said how about we suppress stereotypes.
Mental Control
You need to have a goal, then you need to act on that goal and have someone check to see if you are
achieving that goal.
- Mental control requires
- - operating process (OP) Takes action to meet desired state (prevent stereotypes)
- - resource rich controlled
- Monitoring process
- - compares current state with desired states (scans mind for stereotypes_
- - Resource- free automatic.
- Under load, OP fails MP works in the opposite way and makes you think about the stereotype
even more
- Suppressing stereotypes may work in the short term but not in the long term.
Macrae, Bodenhausn, Milne and Jetten
- Hypothesis: Because suppressors activate the unwanted stereotype repeatedly (ie. MP) they will
experience “rebound effect” (ie greater activation)
- Methods have to suppress stereotypes versus non suppress
- Write “day in the life” of photographed person
- DV: Lexical Decision Task
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- - Judge whether presented string are words or non words (sometimes the letter strings were
words or non words)
- - If construct is primed, will react more quickly
- Reaction time for stereotypical words (eg. Aggressive)
- What they found that those people who were suppressing thoughts about the skinheads they
were more likely to select stereotype words for skinheads. Therefore people who suppress were
faster to respond to violent and aggressive skinheads.
- The results for Lexical Decision was those who suppressed skinheads in the previous task were
faster to respond with stereotypes such as aggressive and anger to skinheads.
- Those who did suppress thought about stereotypes less.
- Suppression can lead to rebound effect- > greater activation of thought than would be the case
if thought not suppressed
- This affects thought and not behaviour
- There was another study done with the suppression of skinheads and placing a leather jackets in
a room. They found that those individuals who suppressed skinheads were more likely to sit
farther away from skinheads.
-
Modern Prejudice
Dave Chapel Video: the situation that dave chapel painted, it doesnt happen but people do have
stereotypes in their mind. Many people believe these things but they may not say it.
We live in a very privilege society, for the most part people try to control their prejudices.
Segregation in the US
Even 100 years after they abolished slavery blacks were still separated.
In Canada Too?
The older University in Canada, only accepted a certain quota of Jew every year.
Another community in Montreal had housing quotas and only allowed certain amount of Jews to live in
that community.
Even in history, Chinese people had to pay a headtax of 500 dollars to enter Canada.
However things have changed. You don’t get people to openly admit what they really think. But even if
they do think in stereotypes, they don’t overtly say it because they don’t openly see it.
Prejudice hasn’t gone away, but it just transformed.
Polls shows decrease in racism
It is no longer “fashionable” t be racist
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Document Summary

Ironically when people try not actively to think about something, you end up thinking about it even more. So they said how about we suppress stereotypes. You need to have a goal, then you need to act on that goal and have someone check to see if you are achieving that goal. Operating process (op) takes action to meet desired state (prevent stereotypes) Under load, op fails mp works in the opposite way and makes you think about the stereotype. Compares current state with desired states (scans mind for stereotypes_ Suppressing stereotypes may work in the short term but not in the long term. Hypothesis: because suppressors activate the unwanted stereotype repeatedly (ie. mp) they will experience rebound effect (ie greater activation) Methods have to suppress stereotypes versus non suppress. Write day in the life of photographed person. Judge whether presented string are words or non words (sometimes the letter strings were words or non words)

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