Class Notes (834,037)
Canada (508,290)
Psychology (7,771)
PSYB10H3 (544)
Lecture 6

PSYB10 Lecture 6 Summary

8 Pages
87 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Semester
Fall

Description
EMOTION (CHAPTER 4) - What is an emotion? o A brief physiological and psychological response to an event or a stimulus  Felt subjectively  Prepares a person for action - What is not an emotion? o Due to their time-course, these things are not emotions  Moods (e.g., being in a good or bad mood)  A generalized affective state  A residue left over from emotions  An emotional experience that persists greater than just a few minutes  Do not have the following criteria for an emotion: o Stimulus response  Moods are not always a response to an obvious stimulus o Time period  Moods may persist over time (e.g., minutes, hours, days) o Action tendencies  Moods may not call for an action o Experience  Moods are mostly subjective, and not physiologically observable  Moods are like self-reports  Sentiments (e.g., wishing someone well)  Affective personality traits (e.g., “he is a cheerful person”)  Using an emotion word to describe people at a personality level  Level of arousal (e.g., sleepiness) - The 6 basic emotions o There is a predominance of negative emotions in the list because they make us most fit to survive o There may be greater functionality for negative emotions than positive emotions  Fear  Anger  Disgust  Sadness  Happiness  Surprise o Complex emotions  A blend of basic emotions  Affect blends  A facial expression in which one part of the face registers one emotion while another part of the face registers a different emotion o Decoding is sometimes inaccurate  Positive emotions  Complex emotions that are positively-valenced o Gratitude (e.g., feeling appreciation for something that someone else has done) o Contentment (e.g., sense of satisfaction with current place in life) o Amusement o Desire (e.g., actively going towards a rewarding stimulus) o Love (contested as to whether or not it is an emotion)  Self-conscious emotions  Complex emotions elicited by the self o Pride (e.g., sense of satisfaction and happiness) o Shame (e.g., negative feeling within yourself in response to doing something bad; thinking about how bad you feel now; feeling that something is wrong with you)  Does not have to be based on action  Less likely to apologize  More likely to not fess up and admit that they did it o Guilt (e.g., focus on how you hurt the other person; behaviour is something you regret)  More likely to apologize  Predicts confessing for your crimes o Embarrassment (e.g., hurts your status) - Components of emotion o Time span of emotion  Emotions are short-lived  Real emotions are between 500 ms – 4 s  Fake emotions are between 1 – 10 s  No one holds an emotional experience for more than 10 s  An emotion can appear to persist if the emotional stimulus is presented repeatedly  E.g., why do we feel like we are angry for more than 4 s? o Inside your mind, remembering what made you angry is another stimulus o It is being rehearsed by the person thinking about the emotion-provoking stimulus over and over  Not all emotions have the same duration  Surprise is the briefest  Happiness, disgust, and sadness are standard length  Anger and fear last a little longer o Physiological component  Peripheral nervous system  An emotion has occurred if there is a peripheral physiological response o E.g., heart rate, skin conductance, pre-ejection period, finger temperature  Important caveat about inference: o Emotions cannot be identified by peripheral responses o Indicate degree of arousal or intensity  Central nervous system  What areas of the brain are involved in the processing of emotional stimuli?  The area of the brain is related to the processing of emotional stimuli o Limbic system  Amygdala = fear and anger  Hypothalamus = laughter o Frontal cortex (the most advanced part of the brain involved in pattern matching)  Everything else  Proper inference of psychophysiology  Physiological profiles and locations help us understand arousal, intensity and possible circuits o Across three different physiological responses o E.g., increased heart rate, decreased skin conductance, average breathing  Emotions cannot be identified by examining physiological states  James-Lange theory of emotion  Every emotion has a distinct and specific pattern of physiological responses o Physiological responses characterize and underlie emotions o Specific emotions are distinct and real  Implications: o Our psychological experience of emotion is the result of our physiological responses o Every emotion has a physiological signature  A pattern or profile of physiological responses that uniquely identifies the emotion  The specific bodily (physiological) response tells us what emotion we are feeling o Bodily response is specific  Event  Specific bodily response  Subjective emotion  Directed facial action task o Tell participants to pose face in certain ways o Does the pose face method yield systematic physiological responses?  Participants were able to identify emotions from instructions  Participants showed reliable physiological profiles for different pose faces o Supports the James-Lange theory of emotion  Relies primarily on physiological profiles o Cognitive component  Cognitive appraisals  The meaning of an event affects our emotional response to it o E.g., getting punched  He meant to do it and he meant it to hurt  Anger  He meant to do it, but he was joking around  Amusement  Key appraisals o Self-relevance o Goal congruence o Blame and responsibility o Certainty o Coping ability  Two-Factor theory of emotion  Physiological arousal is generalized and not specific o Specific emotions are an illusion of arousal  The arousal (the degree or intensity of response) is based on cognitive appraisal o The arousal is a trigger to make you search for an explanation for the arousal o The appraisal is needing an explanation for their arousal  The explanation given is purely cognitive  The cognitive appraisal provides an explanation for the arousal  Event  General arousal then Appraisal  Emotion  The arousal study o Give participants heart-rate increasing pill or placebo o Complete survey with very personal questions o An actor gets angry at the questionnaire o What does the person do?  Aroused participants expressed greater anger than the actor  Non-aroused participants didn’t get angry o Showed that the emotional experience only occurred when people were aroused and gi
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit