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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 (2012)

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Lecture 10Stages of lifeSpan Developmentthis is the SECOND LEVEL of personality developmentPart I Erik Erikson Theory of Psychosocial Development he had 8 stages of man looking at the 8 stages of life span development life tasks and issue we confront at these stages he believed we must cultivate a particular psychosocial skill in each stage cirtuesstrengths that are supposed to follow from struggling these stages Erik HomburgerErik Erikson he was born erik hamburger a jew protestant and he was an outsidernto Christian because jewish not jewish because Christian he was a wandering artist went travelling and ended up living in Vienna and worked as a teacher in a school related to a neuology and psychiatry clinic he was a teacher for the children of the patients who went therethe clinic was run by Sigmund Freudand he gets motivated to become a psychoanalyst he learned from the clinic and to be a psychoanalyst you must first undergo psychoanalysis which Freud did for Erikson then he came to Canadaand he was a teacher at top institutions and changed his name to Erik Erikson to reinvent himself erik erikson meansson of himself erik erikson become one fo the most prominent figures in the field and he proposed the first life span framework freud also proposed one but he said his stages resolved themselves by pubertymuch of what is personality is set at about the age of 5 6 years of age Eriksonexpanded the view of development Not everything si formalized by the age of 6 and he imagined development goes past puberty and he outlined what happens in adolescence early adulthood etc he also changed what freud had proposed as psychosexual stageserikson did not think about them all as motivated by libido and psychosexual basis and he changed it to psychosocial stageshe deempahsized the egos relation to the id but instead egos relationship to society evolve with the larger interactions we have as we age and evolve into adults Fundemental Eriksonian concepts Epigenetic Principle one of the most important principles in eriksonian thinking personality is thought to unfolds across a sequence of predetermined developmental stages each stage presents us with a crisis task or issue to address not necessarily to resolve it is not guaranteed we will resolve that issueeven if we fail we move on to newer tasks later in life critical to this principle is that these each of these psychosocial challenges presents a pair of contrasts eg trust vs mistrust and the challenge is for us to find the right balance betweene those two contrasts even though one site over the other might sound cool but there are developmental pitfalls even if we fall to close to each extremes optimal time each challenge comes at a certain time and MUST be taken only at that tim Development cannot be slowed and it cannot be rushed It all comes at a particular time development is coauthored by us and our scoeitywe dont have a say virtue if you take it on at the right time and find the correct balance between btoh opposing contrasts you will achieve a psychosocial virtue or psychosocial strength it comes from having the adequately addressing a psychosocial challenge failing in to cultivate this virturestrength unique to each stage will result in some defiicte or excess in the virture neither of those is desirable in the perspective of our development Too Much when you have a good thing of the virtue then you have amaladaptation an excess of the given strength Too Little if you fail to cultivate enough of the virtue then you are left with a deficit that arikson called a malignancy we dont want the Ms we want the V in the middlethe virture
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