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PSYB32 lecture 01.docx

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Konstantine Zakzanis

PSYB32 lecture 01 i. Definition of abnormal behavior: behavior violates social norms, threatens or anxious others who observe it a. Violation of norms: b. Personal distress: cause suffering in the individual c. Disability and dysfunction( impairment): Impairments: sadness, inability to enjoy things, sleep disturbance, social withdraw Difference between impairment and disability: ability to engage in activities of daily living Disability : too depressed no longer go to work and maintain a relationship Impairment: go to work, did not like but did it d. Unexpectedness: wealthy who steal things, wealth people who are anxious about not losing money 2. The mental health professionals: a.Psychiatrist: psychopharmacology ii. Clinical psychologist: psycho therapy approach, cognitive behavioral iii. Social worker: access social services iv. Counseling psychologist: Strictly engage in counseling, psycho therapy, no diagnostics work or assessment procedures. v. Psychiatric nurses: Help psychiatrist manage the medication vi. Psychotherapist: not a clinical psychologists, no degree, not allowed to diagnose or use assessment tools, strictly psychotherapy or counseling vii. Occupational therapist: help the patient in the real world, help organize home, cognitive deficit daily living viii. Speech language therapist: ability to swallow, verbal fluency, verbal comprehension, cognitive rehabilitation, memory problems. 3. History a. Early demonology: Hippocrates: Greek physician separate physical health from mental health Move away from demonology Somatogenesis: something wrong with body, physical, disturb thoughts, behavior, actions, emotions Treatment: different type of food, rests, absence from sex Psychogenesis: belief disturbance solely psychological origins b. Franz Joseph Gall: some students have the incredible ability in one domain of area, crude , why disassociation exists? Bigger forehead bigger verbal, shape of brain is determined by the various organs phrenology: C. Paul Broca: Tan disassociation: follow instructions but barely speaks left frontal lobe lesion : Broca aphasia d. Karl Wernicke: Lesions in the left medial temporal lobe Intact verbal fluency but impaired comprehension e. John Harlow: Phoenix Gage: Gage was no longer Gage frontal lobe responsible for human behavior, use judgments, follow social mores, solve problems, plan brain and behavior f. Norman Geshwind : Solider John, inappropriate behavior. Brain has profound influence on behaviors Digit span, clock drawing What is wrong in the brain, localize, tie abnormal behavior to different parts of the brain.Lecture 02 1. The role of paradigms Paradigm: conceptual framework or approach within which a scientists works Assumptions, dictate which we understand and treat disorders, how to treat disorders, how to conceptualize and study a subject /patient, how to gather and interpret data, assessing a subject. a. Biological paradigm: MRI Biological interplay, symptoms, biological marker Genetic info, express DNA , (family method) Psychopathology, study of individual, individual differences, in behavior that are attributable in part to differences in genetic makeup. Genotype: genetic constitutions fixed, born
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