Class Notes (834,936)
Canada (508,830)
Psychology (7,776)
PSYB45H3 (337)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

5 Pages
66 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Semester
Summer

Description
Decreasing behaviors Lecture 8- was cancelled – she was sick March 8, 2013 [ 1 Lec 8 stuff *Things to stop doing – smoking, bitting nails, stop texting late  Reducing unwanted behaviors  Occupational/Educational- coming in late  Training- chewing, peeing on the carpet, getting rid of bad habit  Interpersonal- stop bothering you, stop swearing  Self-management-  Reducing unwanted behaviors (her life) ( she wants to reduce these goals)  Occupational/Educational  Someone is sending too many emails  Training  Dog is misbehaving-  Interpersonal  Want husband to stop leaving clothes out  Self-management  Eating too much dessert  Methods for Reducing Behaviors: Non-Punishment Methods  Extinction-  Differential Reinforcement  Habit Reversal  Extinction  Definition?- remove the reinforcer you are talking , something which is consistently reinforced , you remove the reinforcer (allowing it to stay)  What do you need to know first? So you need to figure out the reinforcer,  How do we find out reinforcer – functional assessment  Functional Assessment- watching what happens  Can’t implement extinction purely based on assumptions- reinforcer – you are getting the reply  Reinforcers differ from one person to the next  Reinforcers can be different in different contexts  Multiple reinforcers: this is the case where there are more than one reinforcer , ( ex: getting replies , getting your questions answered , giving in )  Removing Reinforcer  Can you control the reinforcer?  Automatic reinforcer: extinction is not a way to go ,  Other people are providing the reinforcement: you cant control what other people do  Effectiveness of Extinction  Withhold all Reinforcers- do it every time, if you give in sometimes, the signal will be stronger  Consistency- very important, but want to reduce it, using all settings  Variety of settings  Instructions  Differential Reinforcement  Withholding reinforcement from the target behavior and reinforcing a different behavior  4 different ways  Incompatible behavior (competing response)- specific- reinforce a incompatible behavior EX: dog licking another dog, ( him running and doing something else ) we should be reinforcing those , physically not able to do the problem behaviour  Alternative behavior-something different, you could also do the problem behavior , ( u could smoke but at the time you call a friend)  Other behavior-( not do anything )we put a time limit on it , without doing it EX: if you cant fight for your brother for the car ride , you will get a treat)  Low rates- if you just do it a little, a person sending one email in a week, so u just reply if the person just wrote a email in one week.  Habit Reversal (only about your self, not used for other people)  Used in self-management- habit you want to change about yourself 1.Become aware of triggers- habit is automatically, biting your nails, and you are not aware of it , stop and do
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit