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Lecture 6

PSYC12 week 6 lecture notes

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Michael Inzlicht

Week 6 PSYC12 PSYC12 - Experiencing prejudice I Until this point, we have been studying stereotype from the perceiver's point of view Stigma - Possession of a trait/characteristic that is devalued by society - stigmatized have spoiled identity - are discriminated against Types of stigma according to Goffman a) Abominations of body (e.g., fat, excessive sweating) b) Blemishes of character (e.g., dementia, anorexia) c) Tribal markers (e.g., skin colour, gender, creed, religion) Identity-threat model of stigma (how the target experiences stereotype) (Look at the slides for Major & O'Brien flow chart) Collective representation: culture, meta-stereotype (stereotype that people have about other people's stereotypes) Situational cues: cues communicating stigma relevance Personal: individual differences in perception & appraisal Threat appraisal: is stigma relevant? Am I threatened? Involuntary responses: anxiety, disruption, vigilance Voluntary responses: coping with threat, blaming discrimination, limit social comparisons, disidentification Stigma's Self-Protective Properties Movie - A third grade teacher separated a group of white children into 2 groups (blue eye, brown eye), and told the children that blue eyes are better than brown eyes. The children started to act differently, and the blue eyed children stereotyped, prejudiced, and discriminated against the brown eyes within the hour. Stigma & Self-Esteem - Stigmatized are disadvantaged economically & interpersonally - Stigma should lead to lower self-esteem, right? -- Reflected appraisals (if you see me poorly, I should see myself poorly too) -- Self-fulfilling prophecies (I feel bad because others think that I act badly) Wrong! - Stigmatized have the same or higher SE than their non-stigmatized counterpart - True for African Americans, not Caucasians Crocker & Major, 1989 - Stigma can buffer self-esteem - People became "stigmatized" for protection -- It can help you not feel bad about yourself when bad things happen to you - E.g., if a Caucasian does not find a job, he can think that affirmative action gave all the positions to racial minorities and women 3 effects of stigma: attributional ambiguity, disidentification, & in-group comparisons Week 6 PSYC12 1. Attributional ambiguity (why do bad things happen to you?) -- For a stigmatized person, they have 1 more layer of protection, i.e., your stigmatized identity. Can blame discrimination instead of self -- blame discrimination vs. blaming self -- discount negative feedback 2. Disidentification (disconnecting your self-esteem from a specific domain) -- Disengage self-esteem from stereotyped domain -- Value dimensions where in-group f
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