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Lecture 4

Prejudice - Lecture 4.odt

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
PREJUDICE Lecture 4: Modern Prejudice Midterm • March 1 st 7-9 pm • 70 mc • Lectures (5) , Chapters 1 –5 and Readings (B and G) Stereotype Suppression • stereotypes are efficient, fulfill motivations and automatic • BUT: - they negatively impact targets - society has deemed stereotyping to be unsavoury - we know they help us (stereotype) but neg affect ppl • Solution - suppress stereotypes Mental Control (Regnur) • mental control requires - operating process (OP) - takes action to meet desired state (prevent stereotypes) -resource rich; controlled - lots of energy and resources -> get tired - once depleted the monitoring process is still active -> so when you suppress still have hard time bc you get tired then go to motoring process (start noticing when youre stereotype) - monitoring process (MP) - compares current state with desired states (scans mind for stereotypes) - resource free, automatic - not much energy to detect things • under load , OP fails, MP continues and result in opposite of intended thought • circle pattern: goal, operate, monitor • feedback loop • to have control, must have a goal ( like not think of X), once you set one; must have motor of control (way to establish goal) and need a monitor (system that detects when goal is not being met – what you want is diff from what you have) -> once detector, it goes back and then push it away • suppression may work for short term (OP) but not for long therm • this feedback is used for other things like emotion regulation Macrae, Bodenhausen, Milne & Jetten, 1994 • hypothesis: because suppressors activate the unwanted stereotype repeatedly (ie MP), they will experience “rebound effect” (ie greater activation) (when ask ppl to suppress, it may work in short term but once they try to relax, the thing they were trying to suppress becomes hyper- accessible) • methods: - suppress skinhead stereotype vs non suppress - write day in the life of photographed person (given pic of skinhead) then later did LDT - DV: Lexical Decision Task - judge whether presented strings are words or non words - if construct is primed, will react to it more quickly (if thinking about dentist, then the word u see the word teeth, then you will be faster be recognize it as a word) -> this lets us measure stereotype implicitly - reaction time for stereotypical words( eg aggressive, racist) vs those were not related - note: shorter Rts = more activation • results: those who suppressed in previous task, faster to press stereotype words related to skinheads bc the stereotypes were hyper accessible Lexical Decision Task (LDT) • asked if you see a word or non word • LDT measures whether a construct (eg stereotype) is activated • the Macrae's prediction suppression of skinhead stereotype study: ppl who suppress will be faster to respond to words like violent and aggressive Continued to Macrae's study • suppression can lead to rebound effects -> greater activation of thought than would be the case if thought not suppressed - those who didnt suppress, thought about stereotype less - suppression doesnt workAND does opposite than what you wanna do – if you wanna think less, you'll end up thinking MORE • this affects thought and beh - ex those who suppressed stereotype sat further away from skinhead than those who did not suppress • critique: - will this generalize to other groups? - will it predict real beh Modern Prejudice • prej has changed • segregation in the US • has changed forms – diff kind – a modern kind Modern Racism • polls show decrease in racism - does this mean racism is thing of the past? • It is no longer fashionable to be a racist – no longer acceptable • yet there is still resistance to integration - affirmative action - marriage - housing • prej went underground and modernized Old fashioned vs Modern Racism • it is a bad idea for chinese and whites to marry VS chinese ppl have more influence upon the push for multiculturalism than they ought to have • it was wrong for gov to outlaw chinese head tax VS there are too many non eng signs in city • if chinese fam with the same income and edu moves next door, i would mind a lot VS chinese are getting too pushy in their demands for gov reparation • i favour full racial integration VS Chinese have gotten more economically than they deserve • chinese ppl should learn to speak proper english
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