- Time is plastic concept, not a fixed thing. When things change fast, discontinuity happens
In terms of locating ourselves in our world
1. Conceiving of our worlds
a. Geisteswissenschaften (human sciences) study culture thru Verstehen (acts of
empathic understanding), and hermeneutics (interpreting artifacts of a world
filled with meaning).
b. Empathic understanding: the person can appreciate that what happens to you is a
variation of a general theme (isn’t the first time it happened in history). YOU and what
happened to you is a PART of the whole. Process of text interpretation has goal to
understand deeper meanings – hermeneutics
c. When conceiving our worlds:
i. Emphasis placed on wisdom and understanding the life world
ii. Idiographic: individual cases, concrete situations or events
iii. Phenomenology: description and structure of your experience. What happened to
YOU, what was it like for YOU.
2. Studying our worlds
a. Naturwissenschaften: objective and scientific study of nature both physical and
i. Emphasis placed on knowledge and explanation.
ii. Nomothetic: universal principles and general rules
iii. Explanation: wanting to know cause and effect.
iv. Naturwissenshaften – precision
v. Gesitwissenshaften – variation
vi. Goal: balancing nature and variation
Which is more complex? Physical world or world of the mind?
- Physical world is a creation of the noetic world – world of mind
- We have ideas about how the world works and we project them onto situations. In each era
we are taught ideas about how the world works and we live in terms of them (projecting
them) and we are always partly wrong.
How does this relate to psych?
- Considering the everyday world and the research world. As cognitive psych took more
control, the representation of psych in the lab became weaker. Events in lab are supposed to
represent the real world.
- 1. Events occur in everyday world: There is the lived world that goes on in our lives.
Then you have a separate detached world where you are looking down and analyzing from
plane of observation. Say you’re looking at a single mom on welfare: when you look thru
lived world, you’re experiencing from their POV