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Lecture 8

PSYC37- Lecture 8.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC37H3
Professor
Anthony Ruocco
Semester
Winter

Description
March 13, 2012 Behavioural assessment  Concentrates on the behaviour itself (used mostly on children with autism); parents wish to change the child’s behaviour; having a diagnosis doesn’t mean that one knows the treatment is going to work  The a (antecedents), b (behaviour), c (consequences)s of be behavioural assessment; focuses on the behaviour itself other than the underlying traits, hypothetical causes, or presumed dimensions of personality  Sometimes, the patient’s families can be interview as well, in order to determine the patient’s behaviour in certain cases (severely mental retardation)  Module I: Functional Behaviour Assessment Interview (video)- Johnny has hit all of his physical milestones along with the other kids; he often looks out the window and stares, will always put the phone back on its hook; constantly puts toys in his mouth; sometimes, he also lines up any sort of toy without playing with it the way it was meant to be used; the professor would try to find out what is rewarding to the child by developing a hierarchy of what a child finds rewarding/punishing  Analogue behavioural assessment- a situation where you actually are able to contrive the environment where the assessment takes place; one can set up a situation to determine whether certain types of stimuli are more rewarding than others; rapid couples interaction scoring system (RCISS)- evaluate things like criticism, disagreement, compromise, humour, etc. by going beyond the interview, questionnaires  Ecological momentary assessment- “real-time measurement of patient experience”; measures in real time what your behaviour looks like; Professor Fournier is an expert in this topic; allows us to gain more ecological validity by recording instantaneous experiences are reporting on a handheld device; you get a wealth of data, 1000 data points can be used Assessment of Normality and Human Strengths  Broad band tests of normal personality- a broad band test is one that measures the full range of functioning, as opposed to limited aspects; if there is one personality trait to measure, one can simply use a short questionnaire with about 30 questions to assess that trait; broad band tests are used to measure multiple, larger net of personality traits, but it wouldn’t be the best test because it would be too long; how best to conceptualize the multifaceted …  Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)- a forced-choice, self-report inventory that attempts to classify persons according to an adaptation of Carl Jung’s theory of personality types; one must choose a certain type of statement; classified into 16 different personality types, four theoretically independent polarities: extraversion-introversion, sensing-intuition, thinking- feeling, judging-perceiving; psychologists don’t generally find this instrument that useful despite its validity, reliability; sometimes used to match someone with potential careers; most widely used individual test in history-taken by approximately 2 million people a year;  California Psychological Inventory (CPI)- uses a different approach in terms of items- uses a true or false test designed to measure the dimensions of normal personality- developing using a criterion-keying method; selected a group of students that were dominant or creative, based on peer ratings, and determined what made this group that way; folk measures are understandable to people in the real world; the three broad factors are supposed to be the overarching factors; normally used for the work-related scales, vocational decision making;  NEO personality inventory-revised- based upon the five-factor model of personality; very high internal consistency and
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