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PSYC39H3 (177)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx

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David Nussbaum

Lecture 5-Oct 7 JURISTAT: Illicit Drugs & Crime in Canada • Stats Canada shows that of the 581 homicides, 1 in 3 victims and 1 in 2 aaccused had been drinking or using drugs at the time • male victims were one and a half times more likely to have consumed alcohol or used drugs than female victims • 12% of homicide incidents with a known motive were drug-related History of Juvenile Justice in Canada • there were other ancient civilizations that did not punish children the same way as adults • JDA (juvenile delinquents act) o recongized sppecial circumstances of juvenile offenders • Youth Offenders Act o recognized as cognatively different from adults o very youth-centric, didn't blame kids • Young Criminal Justice Act o attempt to get offenders to take responsibility for their actions o major tenet: rehabilitate for substance abuse but also cognitive rehabilitation (e.g. if you can't read, help with reading classes) o 3 main pbjectives  prevention  responsibility for behaviour  rehabilitation o philosophy in canada: pputting people in jail is not necessarily the best way to rehabilitate them o expanded sentencing options  for those with not-overly serious crimes  intermittent sentences: (go to the youth facility in weekends and go to school during the weekends) Trajectories of Juvenile Offenders • child-onset o behavioural problems start early in childhood • adolescent-onset o show behavioural problems in teens o don't really have that many problems in childhood Thoeries to Explain Juvenile Offending • biological o genetic and physiological differences o slower heart rates, which means that they have a higher threshold for excitability and emotionality  more sensation-seeking behaviour o less frontal lobe inhibition, means they are more impulsive • cognitive o focus on though process, interpretation of social and emotional cues and responses to them o cognitive deficits and distortions:  limited problem-solving skills in antisocial youth o types of aggressive behaviour:  reactive aggression  if there is a provocation, you respond to it  proactive aggression  initiation of aggression when there is no threat off violence or maltreatment (not in response to a threat)  e.g. looking for money and find someone who looks vulnerable, will steal from th
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