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Lecture

RLGA01H3 Lecture Notes - Rishabhanatha, Nudity, Orthopraxy


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu

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Key Terms for the Lecture on
Sikhism:
Sufism
Islamic mystical tradition
Derived much early inspiration form Hinduism
Established in Punjab by 11th century
3 Sufi orders from Iraq and Persia moved into northern India
Recognize important role of spiritual master
Sant tradition
Meaning = holy ascetic, truth, saint
3 elements contributed to rise of Sant
Bhakti/devotional practice
Tantric yoga
sufism
Many influential Sant poets; kabir
Ascetic poets who believed divinity to exists beyond all forms of
description
Sant poets
Namdev, Ravidas, Kabir
Nanak
Founder of Sikh tradition, first teacher

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Created institution of the Guru, became central authority in
community life
Asserted primacy of message over messenger
Composed more than 900 hymns, complied as Adi Granth
Experienced God directly; one God
God should be experienced rather than talked about
Adi Granth
Composed more than 9000 hymns put into this book
5th Guru Arjan created sacred book
Original collection
Primary scripture
Divided into 3 sections: prayers, ragas, epilogue
Sat Guru
True teacher
Om kara
Divine One
Mardana
Nanak’s friend, visited holy sites throughout Northern India
Played musical accompaniment
Raised in Hindu family
Sikh
Disciples

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Angad
Designated disciple Angad = own limb
1504-1552
Refined Gurumukhi script in which Guru’s hymns were recorded
Amardas
3rd Guru
Est. 2 new festivals (Diwali and Baisakhi)
Introduced 22 majis (seats of authority)
Prepared pothis (volumes), initial collection of compositions of
first 3 Gurus
Abolished wearing of veil but practice of sati
Permitted women to remarry
Reforms instituted regarding women significant
Ramdas
4th Guru
Arjan
5th Guru
Inherited vibrant religious community
Built Golden Temple
Complied Adi Granth
Son of Ramdas
First martyrdom
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