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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Notes (along with powerpoint notes)

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

LECTURE 3The Sociology of WorkCritical Concepts y Economy Institution that organizes production distribution and exchange of goods and services y Productivity Amount produced for every hour workedy Markets Social relations that regulate exchange of goods and services y Prices of goods and services established by how plentiful they are supply and how much they are wanted demand y Staples Resources such as timber minerals oil fish y Division of labour Specialization of work tasks y The more specialized the work tasks in a society the greater the division of laboury Economies organize production reducing things distributing those things and exchanging those thingsy Productivity has increasedy Productivity is directly related to wealth y Marketsregulate the exchange of goods and services draw on Adam Smith said prices are determined by supply and demandIf we have low supply and very high demandhigh pricesStaples are raw materialstimber fish etc y Division of labourspecialization of work tasks specialization was age and sex but today has increased The Economy y Conventionally analysts divide the economy into three sectors 1 Primary sectorIncludes farming fishing logging and mining Canada used to rely on this completely in the early years2 Secondary sectorWhere raw materials are turned into finished goods and where th century manufacturing takes place early 193 Tertiary sectorWhere services are bought and sold we have become a service economy modern economies are service economiesy Services include the work of nurses teachers lawyers hairdressers computer programmers and so forth y Often the three sectors are called agricultural manufacturing and service sectors respectivelyThree Revolutions in Work Agricultural Revolution Industrial RevolutionPostindustrial Revolution thy Began 10 000 years y Began 220 years ago y Took place in 20ago when people when machines such century as service established permanent as steam engine industries came to settlements and railroads and other dominate economy started herding and technological y This is called the farming innovations greatly service revolutionincreased ability of y Led to soaring producers to supply productivitymarketsy Three truly revolutionary events have taken place in the history of human laboury In each revolution a different sector of the economy rose to dominance y Beginning in England the Industrial Revolution spread to Western Europe North America Russia and Japan within a century making manufacturing the dominant economic sector y First machine was the steam enginey Ontario has become deindustrialized we have become more of a serviceeconomy y Semiskilled labour factoryworkersthey have decreasedy The Great Transformation began in England at first became an economic world power ththbut today its 5 or 6 in economic world power the proportion of people employed in agriculture began to decline in early 1800sUrbanization increasesThe growth of money Markets developed for products for services for labour for land for commodities a labourmarket develops if you have a set of skills that are in highdemand and theres ashortage of supply you can ask for more moneyThe organization of work is transformed peasants used to work for lords based on trust and loyalty workers used to be independent but they lost control of the workplace because the workplace became governed by the standards of efficiency employers took control the division of labour has become narrowed caused by efficiencywork alienationwe used to do big tasks but then work becomes repetitive dull and boring the idea of craftsmanship gets lost skilled work becomes semiskilledIndustrialization in Canada began in 1850 was behind England and America Canada was an example of modernization thesis more conservative industrialization more focused on raw materials rather than finished products at that time from 18001850Canada was a premarket economy most production came from the family but then gradually shifted to the factory to get industrialization you have to have transportation across thousands of miles
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