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Lecture

March 22nd lecture.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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March 22nd lecture
Limits of growth
Growth is a core feature of our cultural systems and started from the environmental movement. Some
ppl call it the anthropy. Tmrw wealth will exceed tmrw’s wealths. Environmentalist wuld say not so fast
and its not a gud idea. Environmentalist also agree upon free trade growth, science will make our lives
better<these ideals are called logic of growth. Logic of growth is part of our heritable culture, it is
optimistic view of the world, faith, give reasons and progress. If we are faced with problem, the logic of
growth tells us we can overcome it. We have done it in the past and can still do it. Logic of growth says if
we overpopulate the world,we can solve that too bcz we can grow more food, its called the green
revolution. Famine is the things of past .if we exhaust raw materials then we can come up with
substitute raw materials. Optimism, is opposed by the limits of growth. A royal crisis in the 1970s to
which the market responded with several innovations to that crisis, market also came up with high tech
pollution devices ex cars today dunt pollite nearly as much as it used too. Hybrid cars and ways of
eliminating CO2 emissions. Limits of growth ppl distrust the logic of growth. Limits of growth ppl are
Malthusian pessimists. in Modern environmentalism, 1970s, after 1970s, environmentalism went to a
new direction, it acquired a religious element to it, nd became hostile to material world(affluence),
PREOCCUPATION OF WEATLH. THE MEDIEVAL CHHURCH SAYS, Preoccupation with material world is a
deadly sin of avarice. Some believe in apocalypse(an end to a world if we do not mend our evil ways).
Their seen a sinners for spoiling and destroying planet we live in.James, a new look to life he proposes
Gia(the god).elements to Gia, James argues that world is a super sentiam- the world has the power of
perception, can feel, experiencem has consiousncess nd this is reminiscent of nature worship that you
find in many tribal ppls of past wherein nature is sacred.you can find gia elements in an environmental
ecology called deep ecology,sacred ecology , ecosophy and creation spirituality. UN are full of Gianess.
They want to establish world. Gia tells us that at some point a propher is going to emerge, who will be a
world spiritual teacher. Algore, wise president of US. He took up the environemental cause and became
a powerful voice, and talks abt global warming. There is a masanthrophism-they dislike human being
and Gia is angry at humans, there is a strong mesanthropishm running in modern evolution. For
instance, love log calls human a pest species. Gia is a spiritual goddess, that sustains all life. Human are a
cancer and there are hints that gia is not gonna put up with these pests species. The UN is full of Gia.
Their global diversity assessment says that the 2 most harmful religions on earth are Christianity and
Islam bcz these have pulled ppl away frm infiintiy and attraction to environment; also rep rival religions
in the mind of new eco spirtualists.modern environmentalism begins with club of rome in 1972 and they
argue about sustainability-big argument. This is a Gian priniciple. Maurice Strong says the only hope for
the planet is that industrial civilization collapses.nd it is according to him our responsibility to bring this
out. It does have its scary aspects to it. Humans are nasty creatures. Jacques Cousteau, Frenchman,
major environmentalist, deliver the earth with burden. David Foreman,lead author of Deep ecology
(check slides)- best thng is for nature to seek its own balance is wht he says, this is Malthusian.stuart
brand, aka ecofreak. At first, we seem to have some kind of infinity for aids, 1972 racial carsans wrote a
book called “silent dpring” where she argued that use of DDT pesticide wuld eventually cause the spring
to be silent bcz it will kill all the birds and and also that it is harmful to humans. So the ddt was banned
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