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SOCA02H3 (403)
Lecture

SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Shoplifting, Consensual Crime, Vale Limited

9 pages75 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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ENVIRONMENT
Boclanys Book
Modern world is not as terrible as environmentalists find.
The world is more literate, bright and freer than before (politically)
Economic freedom has increased people can choose their rulers
More people are living under law less likely to live in poverty
More social mobility
People are more likely to rise up more ascription
People have more leisure time and wealth to spend during that time
During the early stages of development, societies often encounter environmental
degradation
oBecause they dont have wealth and money. They have first order problems
(food production, malnutrition, illiteracy, public health services) these take
huge amount of money.
Environmental people recognized environmental degradation, after a while
Second order problems
The cleanest societies in the world today are the wealthiest
Green ceiling imaginary point where society accumulates enough wealth to deal
with environmental problems
oContinues to fall across the world
Boclany is in favor of globalization
Property rights if you have a business, nobody can take over it
Pernando(?) spurred development in Latin America with peasants to give them
property rights.
Over a billion people still live in absolute poverty (less than a dollar a day)
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Amount of improvement has been unprecedented in human history
oBig improvement
CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Criminology comes out of sociology
Crime is a big issue in Canada
Canadians think violent crime is on rise
Watching TV show watch medical or crime drama, and sometimes medical drama
weaves in crime
Deviance
It is any behavior that violates cultural norms.
Some norms carry no criminal sanction. If you violate them, theres no criminal
sanction attached to it.
oFriendship tell someone something in confidence and they tell it to
somebody else. This is violation of friendship norm and deviance but cannot
be sent to jail for.
Deviance can send people to jail
Criminal deviance is violating a norm that is a law.
Deviance is a generic concept
Two kinds of deviance: non-criminal (violating friendship norm) and criminal
(violating a law and ending up in the court)
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Juveniles tend to be treated differently under the criminal code
Criminal code set by government
Juvenile crime is treated with concern
oGotta treat it carefully lest you push that criminal into a life of crime
Labeling is when you charge someone with a crime and hold them in court
(stigmatized)
When people are stigmatized, they tend to live up their stigma.
oCoca called self-fulfilling prophecy
Offenders are male
oStealing cars (grand-theft auto), shoplifting (mostly by women), drugs
Drug is the victimless crime, not consensual crime
oConsensual both parties agree to the crime. No victim.
Cannot be complained to the police.
Vagrancy victimless crime
oNo visible means of support, street people are invisible
Prostitution victimless crime
oNobody is going to complain
oThey use entrapment police women dresses up as a hooker, someone
approaches her and is jailed.
When you entice someone into buying a trick, then that individual can
be arrested.
Law says police officers should not encourage people to break
the law. Female officer cannot impersonate a prostitute or be a
drug dealer. Accusing the law of entrapment.
Street crime is committed by lower class
Paradox of life: putting people in prison exposes them to other criminals and teaches
how to be better prisoners.
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