Week 10 Lecture

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Published on 8 Oct 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB44H3
Professor
- Why did people move to suburbs in large numbers back in 1950s-1970s?
- reflected what was happening with baby boom after war
- soldiers came back, delayed families, pressure, not enough housing since 1920s
- other explanations: white flight hypothesis – those who moved to suburbs who are primarily
white middle class wasn’t just looking for housing but fleeing from central inner city
- demographics, movement of population
- US – rather than immigration, important process is migration = those who moved to new place
not from overseas but within country itself
- movement of minorities (from South America to North America), moved to cities like New
York, Detroit
- moved because of booming industrial economy
- age of automobile manufacturing, lots of jobs, Big 3 – Ford, Chrysler, GM
- represented beginning of Hispanic population
- according to white flight hypothesis, when middle class whites saw neighbourhoods filling up
with blacks, wanted to flee out of city so moved beyond boundaries of cities
-Detroit (Motor City), Michigan – importance among American cities has gone down recently
- where Henry Ford began major operations, when Big 3 operated
- Detroit (downtown) was quite a booming place in 1940s because was centre for jazz and
musical clubs
- was also a sports city (basketball, baseball, etc.); stadiums were located in downtown
- starting in 1950s, centre of Detroit was hollowed out = white middle class in Detroit headed for
surrounding suburbs, no city was hollowed out as completely as Detroit
- 80% of downtown Detroit population left, and left behind largely poor black neighbourhood
communities, not much tax-based, thus developed reputation of dangerous place
- murder rate in Detroit: 700-800 per year
- entertainment disappeared from centre of Detroit, moved to Silver Dome located in suburbs
- famous store Hudson’s moved to Northland
- middle class whites were reluctant to go downtown
- people argued that there was no reason for middle class whites to leave inner city because
residential areas were segregated
- white flight hypothesis does not apply well to Canadian citizens because not diverse
- Toronto and Vancouver were not anglo
- first group was Italians in 1950s
- suburbs developed because of middle class quest = they were looking not just for better
housing but were looking for ideal lifestyle, and suburbs represented this ideal
- idea was: push factors (white flight) and pull factors (availability of homes, little or no down
payment, quest)
Edmonton, 2001 Suburbs Inner City
% Population 0-14 yeas 20.9 10.9
% Population 65 or older 10.4 13.8
Single parent families as % of all family households 16.7 22.2
% of private dwellings, owner-occupied 63.7 29.6
- comparing suburbs and inner city in 2001 of Edmonton
- was case in 50s and 60s because young families originally settled in suburbs
- difficult to find senior citizens to live in suburbs
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Document Summary

Reflected what was happening with baby boom after war. Soldiers came back, delayed families, pressure, not enough housing since 1920s. Other explanations: white flight hypothesis those who moved to suburbs who are primarily white middle class wasn"t just looking for housing but fleeing from central inner city. Us rather than immigration, important process is migration = those who moved to new place not from overseas but within country itself. Movement of minorities (from south america to north america), moved to cities like new. Age of automobile manufacturing, lots of jobs, big 3 ford, chrysler, gm. According to white flight hypothesis, when middle class whites saw neighbourhoods filling up with blacks, wanted to flee out of city so moved beyond boundaries of cities. Detroit (motor city), michigan importance among american cities has gone down recently. Where henry ford began major operations, when big 3 operated.