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Dan Silver (151)

Week 13 Lecture

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Dan Silver

Recap: ∗ understood what the social is meant – association ∗ understood his methodology – forms of association ∗ we saw how he applied those themes to individuality ∗ we looked at personal consequences of living in extended social circle and overlapping social circle Main key differences between village life and city life: Village City Stimuli Slow, regular, long Fast, various, momentary Consciousness Emotional Intellectual Economy Barter Money Time Natural rhythm Clock Personally Warm, intimate, neighbourly Blasé, reserved, hostile Distinctions Qualities Quantities Personal Freedom Constraint Individuality Innovation Minimal Constant Metropolis + Mental Life -life in big city -more than 50% of population now lives in a city -blasé attitude arises in city -cities of the size that we live in is impossible to know everyone on daily basis -stimuli = the stuff inside of you o in village, stimuli doesn’t change very often o in city, stimuli is fast, see thousands of people in a day and cannot take them all in as in a town, you’re in a crowd all the time, stimuli is various (not the same), flowing by really quickly -what kind of reactions we have: level of consciousness o village life operates without intellectual, people tend to have emotional connections with life and town and one another, have a lot less abstract thinking o when we get into city, there are so much stuff hitting you, and one thing to defend yourself is to distance yourself o intellectual = e.g. someone smoking in café, defending your stimuli and taking distance -economic forms: historic ways have barter because they know each other – e.g. give butter o in cities, money defines your interpersonal relationships, living in a money economy makes your relationship more impersonal, more abstract o e.g. cabinet is made for people who can pay for it, does not define your relationship -time o in cities, it’s very important to be punctual, it’s natural that people will respond with external factor – clock o being punctual, getting to the point, involves calculation o small village people are usually late, there’s no rush in getting things done, there’s not that many things to do, not much people to meet -personality o village life, personality tends to be intimate (close to each other) o blasé = attitude you find when you’re never surprised by anything because they’ve seen everything else o if you try to react to all those stimuli, it will drive you crazy o it’s not quick to respond in personal way to that many people o so people adopt the attitude of blasé o another personality is being reserved = keeping a distance reserved o in an apartment, people don’t know everyone o unless if they share common values, then they become friends o a further level of defensiveness is hostility – there’s all these kinds of people around you and want them to get away from you -distinctions o qualitative – what is art about? why is it different? o quantitative – is that worth $? consider it on scale of quantity -freedom o village is constrained – not a lot of room for you to do things o there’s a lot more room in cities, more individuality, e.g. punks having green hair/piercing o everything seems like they can be counted up o individuality conserves your uniqueness and just being one member of shapeless crowd -innovation o villages don’t have much innovation – most farming tools came out of cities o cities have constant churning innovations all the time o this happens because of peer pressure, division of labour, different products o innovations in terms of needs and desires in cities o there are millions of people, need to get them to desire better innovations o e.g. diet dog food is better than normal dog food o thus create business entrepreneurs and art scenes, people making a new style/feeling Tragedy of Culture -one experience of culture is it’s so big, while you’re so small -modern culture of life is life! -Simmel saw an increase in modern culture 1. Nature vs. Culture  everything in the world in natural – how it goes on its own  culture has cultivation 2. Cultivation  pear tree growing in its own way and taste really bad  farmer figures out ways to plant pears to bring out sweet quality of fruit through process of cultivation  tries to analyze inherent qualities and channels them outside of nature  nature happens without intervention, something unfolding on its own  culture happens when there is some intervening force and brings that thing into a condition that it won’t have on its own  to bring some changes  human beings are the only things in universe that are proper objects
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