SOCC40H3 Lecture Notes - Introjection, Making Money, Puritans

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Published on 25 Oct 2011
CST Lecture 3
How did those norms get inside of you? Through some process you
learn to care about them
Institutionalization; not how they norms get into you but how they link
up to each other
Freud; founder of modern psychoanalysis; Parsons went through
training to become psychoanalysis
Can’t just say education is important; have to pour energy into it
Question of people’s motivations to actually care
-Super-ego formations
Ego is your sense of self; of who you are
Super-ego; (over-i) is something you experience as an authority
standing over you
-authority shows you the kind of person you are supposed to be
-model of your life
In Freud analysis, this is your parents; ‘symbols of the good you’
-Cathexis…related to Id
For Freud, meant love or affection
Erotic part of yourself
Drive or emotional energy part of yourself
Process of your emotional, erotic side attaching to some specific object
You are cathecting when you experience deep emotional gratification
from it
-you identify it with good
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Mom and dad are symbols of deepest cathect in your life
-because mom is first source of love and milk in your life, she is
identified with good
Process of having something inserted into your mentality
-mommy gets put inside of you
She and all the other things you cathect with become basic parts of
who you are
They and what you make of them come to define your expectations
into everything you get into
This is internalization
They get inside you because they are not just something out there but
they are something you care about
Parsons extended this beyond just parents; everything you deal with in
your life already has some emotional charge attached to it
-nothing is just there; something is pre-interpreted; already has
meaning as something you are supposed to do something with
Ex. Contrasting utilitarian theory; encounter reality out there- when
you act adjust yourself to reality in accordance with best interests
-Is it in my interest to cheat in class?; already have to have decided
what school means to you- what your emotional connection to it is
+can never just experience tables and chairs in the class as just
tables and chairs; see them as a place to sit down and take notes and
learn, not just wood and plastic- if you care about those norms and
what they mean you are excited about elarning
+if you haven’t internalized those norms the chair will look the same
way to you; a place to sit and update facebook
+introjections/ internalization; a way to shape your perception of the
How do they get from out there to in you?
What is in you does or does not line up with social expectations of
-Distinction between culture, society, and personality
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Culture; patterns of meaning that define what is good, what is
meaningful, what is right, what is wrong, what is sinful, what is
redemptive, etc.
-found in religion, art; all symbols- set of symbols that express ways of
Society; patterns of personal interactions; ways people relate to each
-different from culture; ex. Freedom is the best thing someone can
achieve- is culture because it’s a symbol; how is that value organized
in terms of people’s relationships ; one social arrangement that is
consistent with this is capitalism- people are free to do what they want
+another arrangement of economy that is consistent with culture is
socialism; purpose of socialism is freedom
Personality; your needs and your desires, your psychology; feeling of
gratification, realization, fulfillment, deprivation, etc.
-competitive personality; you get gratification from beating people up;
frustrating to your personality
3 different levels of analyzing what human beings are doing
Ex. soccer team; bunch of people doing things together; system of
-culture; winning is good, community and friendship – leisurely activity;
what does it mean to you to play this?
-social; goalie guards post, forward makes goals, etc.
-personality; different roles in team are filled by people with different
personalities; quarterback is someone with leadership personality
These 3 levels can point in different directions; puts pressure on one
If you do not allow people’s personality to show; there is social tension;
puts pressure on society and culture to change that
Protestant Ethic
-change in culture put pressure on personality; how can you deal with
knowing you are going to hell or not; Puritans transformed their
personality to deal with change in culture; developed personality
characteristics; discipline, hardwork, denying yourself, foresight,
-change in culture caused people who changed personality; were
hardworking and couldn’t gratify themselves
-society; changed society because made new social arrangements;
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