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Dan Silver (15)

Lecture 3

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Dan Silver

CST Lecture 3 INTERNATIONALIZATION INSTITUTIONALIZATION SOCIAL FUNCTIONS FASCISM • How did those norms get inside of you? Through some process you learn to care about them • Institutionalization; not how they norms get into you but how they link up to each other INTERNALIZATION • Freud; founder of modern psychoanalysis; Parsons went through training to become psychoanalysis • Can’t just say education is important; have to pour energy into it • Question of people’s motivations to actually care -Super-ego formations • Ego is your sense of self; of who you are • Super-ego; (over-i) is something you experience as an authority standing over you -authority shows you the kind of person you are supposed to be -model of your life • In Freud analysis, this is your parents; ‘symbols of the good you’ -Cathexis…related to Id • For Freud, meant love or affection • Erotic part of yourself • Drive or emotional energy part of yourself • Process of your emotional, erotic side attaching to some specific object • You are cathecting when you experience deep emotional gratification from it -you identify it with good • Mom and dad are symbols of deepest cathect in your life -because mom is first source of love and milk in your life, she is identified with good -Introjection • Process of having something inserted into your mentality -mommy gets put inside of you • She and all the other things you cathect with become basic parts of who you are • They and what you make of them come to define your expectations into everything you get into • This is internalization • They get inside you because they are not just something out there but they are something you care about • Parsons extended this beyond just parents; everything you deal with in your life already has some emotional charge attached to it -nothing is just there; something is pre-interpreted; already has meaning as something you are supposed to do something with • Ex. Contrasting utilitarian theory; encounter reality out there- when you act adjust yourself to reality in accordance with best interests -Is it in my interest to cheat in class?; already have to have decided what school means to you- what your emotional connection to it is +can never just experience tables and chairs in the class as just tables and chairs; see them as a place to sit down and take notes and learn, not just wood and plastic- if you care about those norms and what they mean you are excited about elarning +if you haven’t internalized those norms the chair will look the same way to you; a place to sit and update facebook +introjections/ internalization; a way to shape your perception of the world INSTITUTIONALIZATION • How do they get from out there to in you? • What is in you does or does not line up with social expectations of others? -Distinction between culture, society, and personality • Culture; patterns of meaning that define what is good, what is meaningful, what is right, what is wrong, what is sinful, what is redemptive, etc. -found in religion, art; all symbols- set of symbols that express ways of life • Society; patterns of personal interactions; ways people relate to each other -different from culture; ex. Freedom is the best thing someone can achieve- is culture because it’s a symbol; how is that value organized in terms of people’s relationships ; one social arrangement that is consistent with this is capitalism- people are free to do what they want +another arrangement of economy that is consistent with culture is socialism; purpose of socialism is freedom • Personality; your needs and your desires, your psychology; feeling of gratification, realization, fulfillment, deprivation, etc. -competitive personality; you get gratification from beating people up; frustrating to your personality • 3 different levels of analyzing what human beings are doing • Ex. soccer team; bunch of people doing things together; system of action -culture; winning is good, community and friendship – leisurely activity; what does it mean to you to play this? -social; goalie guards post, forward makes goals, etc. -personality; different roles in team are filled by people with different personalities; quarterback is someone with leadership personality • These 3 levels can point in different directions; puts pressure on one another • If you do not allow people’s personality to show; there is social tension; puts pressure on society and culture to change that • Protestant Ethic -change in culture put pressure on personality; how can you deal with knowing you are going to hell or not; Puritans transformed their personality to deal with change in culture; developed personality characteristics; discipline, hardwork, denying yourself, foresight, planning -change in culture caused people who changed personality; were hardworking and couldn’t gratify themselves -society; changed society because made new social arrangements; businesses that were making money -put pressure on people to have to develop that personality- hardworking personality, in order to be accordance with society -in turn led to general transformation in culture • Specialize in each category -culture; anthropology -society; sociology -personality; psychology • Parsons believed goal of sociology was to explain how the arrangement of social roles and interaction patterns could work together in an integrated way • Issues with society- how do you have stable social structure +Roles • Central object and study for sociology • Basic unit of social aspect and social system • Impersonal social niche that consists in obligations to perform actions in a certain way • Doesn’t depend on which person is in it but specifies nd defines obligations that anyone in the role is supposed to do; how people in the role are supposed to react to others -student, teacher; expectations of the people in these roles; things you are supposed to do in this role that is expected of this whole, you don’t get to define what they are- existed before you +expectations aren’t defined by your personality needs but are defined by the needs of society +how do these roles fit with other roles +Role sequencing • Roles are just not outside of you completely • Each person who will occupy those roles need to develop a personality that will like the role; if you hate being a teacher, it isn’t going to work well for the system
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