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Lecture 1 Introduction

Music and Culture
Course Code
Andy Lee

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Introduction to the Classical Age
-Classical period: roughly 1730-1815
-formal clarity and proportional balance
-reference back to antiquity, Roman & Greek
-Age of Enlightenment
-Industrial Revolution
-knowledge was gained through rationalism
-scientific knowledge was gained through experiment
French Revolution
-equality in politics between rich and poor
-violence and war took place in the pursuit of enlightenment
Industrial Revolution
-factories were formed in urban city
-distinction between city and country life
1) More music instrument production
2) Printing inexpensive music scores
3) Leisure time get paid based on working hours
have income, need entertainment
Social Effects on Musical Life
-increase in education
-musical instrument
-expansion of music publishing industry
-shift away from patronage
-public concert
Style gallant
-courtly manner
-modern, chic
-opposed to counterpoint and harmonic complexity
-shorter, repeated gestures, regular phrases
-periodic phrase structure: ideal of balance
antecedent and consequent phrases
-homophonic texture
basso continuo fades out
-melody and accompaniment
-immediate appeal to sensitive listener
-moved away from complexity
-music was based on the concept of rhetoric, art of oration
-compare melody to a phrase
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