What is research?
Curiosity and questioning to find out an answer, looking at recorded dates, or finding out the number of
what people’s interest are, developing a survey to find out what the interest of the student living in
residence doesn’t like the food is and to obtain the response are the basics of research.
Research is part of our everyday lives.
Qualitative research: gynaecology research that a person asks someone, the process of using an
instrumental research, capturing the opinions of the large number of people. Asking questions,
observing behaviour and to look at historical documents. It looks at multiple socially constructed
realities of human life, qualities that are complicated, coming to understand and interpret how people
construct the world around them. Studies are generally designed for greater interactions. The
researcher becomes the main instrument. “I’ am the interviewer, the observer and conduct the
research. It is not on a piece of paper to get the number.
Quantitative research: just want to know the facts, collecting the information and analyzing it by the
numbers. Positivism – there is truth out there/there is something out there to be discovered.
Observable and measurable facts. The role of the researcher is to observe and measure.
Objectivity: you are not putting your own bias and values. It is only on observable phenomena not based
on emotions or personal prejudices.
Elements of research:
Needing a purpose -(hypothesis)
Tools/methods to conduct the research
Ethics – how you treat the people you are researching (confidentiality) and be aware of the bias.
Find a research question
1. Need a purpose
2. Pose a problem /raise a question
3. Define research population/who are you going to engage with
4. Need to develop an ethic statement and think about your own bias
5. Develop a time frame
6. Collect data/need a method (how are you going to go about collecting the data) 7. How you are going to analyze it/how you are going to make sense of it and find the patterns and
how you are going to interpret the data that you collect which has to do with your values and
ethics. Your values and ethics influence how you are going to interpret it.
8. Analyzing the data/looking at the outcomes (is it a report and what are the outcome related to
These steps have an outcome on the final product. It says something about knowledge and what our
view of reality is.
All research relies on values.
Explicit – explained obviously and clearly.
Implicit – it is not stated obviously.
All research is driven by implicit theories and values. Sometimes the underlying values are not made