WSTA01H3 Lecture Notes - Richard Starkings

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Published on 10 Jun 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Women's and Gender Studies
Course
WSTA01H3
Social Construction of Gender
Approach
Gender differences are not the product of biological properties
According the Social Constructionist, it is the product of sococial structures and culture
-working progress throughout your life, re-construction and social construction
-5 levels of social construction: Individual (the personal level, identify experiences with gender identity),
Interactional (do with every day interaction, gets gender identity when interacting with others; peers,
parents, messages from others: good, bad)
Institutional Level-3rd level, deal with structural basis of our society, ex.family, religion, Economy,
Workplace- historically been masculine insitutation, shaped and controlled by men; Research: gender are
paid/treated differently for the same job
Sociocultural: the universal living that you live in, meaning are produced and are affecting your life/very
material; ex. Guide you to becoming a beautiful women, the body shape-loss weight, become sick…
Global gender order: reflects the reality of our era that is influenced by economic and policies, at this
level we can see that political influence and economic shape gender difference;
How should one think about two seemingly contradictory truth reflected in the these two images?
Women are lower than men
Gender Socialization
Process by Individual, acquires Gender Identity I am this or that, act, think, feel in certain way as
women or men, you are acting either Women or Men
3 Sub Categories: Gender
Appearance- certainty about the world around us; gives a kinds of certainty about the world around us;
Gender Appearance has its power (How?)ex. highly visible female/male;
Behaviour-is a product of social doing; doing gender means that gender behaviour is a achieve status, by
achieve it(working hard); the own doing; the routine, methodic and recurring accomplishment ;
Example: waking up in the morning; no difference between men and women when taking time to get up in
the morning
Doing Gender means that we have work on gender behaviour continuously
Women: bear children; Men: get a job
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Document Summary

Gender differences are not the product of biological properties. According the social constructionist, it is the product of sococial structures and culture. Working progress throughout your life, re-construction and social construction. 5 levels of social construction: individual (the personal level, identify experiences with gender identity), Interactional (do with every day interaction, gets gender identity when interacting with others; peers, parents, messages from others: good, bad) Institutional level-3rd level, deal with structural basis of our society, ex. family, religion, economy, Workplace- historically been masculine insitutation, shaped and controlled by men; research: gender are paid/treated differently for the same job. Sociocultural: the universal living that you live in, meaning are produced and are affecting your life/very material; ex. Guide you to becoming a beautiful women, the body shape-loss weight, become sick . Global gender order: reflects the reality of our era that is influenced by economic and policies, at this level we can see that political influence and economic shape gender difference;