Anthropology 100.docx

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Anthropology 100 9/13/2012 3:01:00 PM
Anthropologists are people who interpreted to people back home what it is
that happened in the western world
What did they report back home? What people looked like, what was the
intellectual culture of the people (what did they build), languages and
dialects, habits of the people.
Evolutionary anthro:
Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology,
ecology, and behavior of human and non human primates.
5 research disciplines in evolutionary anthropology:
primatology: non human primates
o primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical
ecosystems
paleoanthropology: multidisciplinary study of biological evolution
and non human primates
o advent of and changes in human cultural activities
o evolutionary history of behavior in human and non human
primates
Human variation: spatial and temporal variations in human features
o Ex. Geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin color,
and eye color
Medical anthropology:
Forensic anthropology:
Linguistic anthropology:
Semiotic- having to do with signs
Communication, representation, identity.
Social and cultural anthropology: the study of contemporary human society
and culture
Cultural ethnography (method of studying and final product of
research)
Kinship / gender most basic way of how people organize
themselves socially
Politics / economics
Religion Myth / ritual
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Colonization and globalization
September 20th, 2012: Evolutionary Anthropology
Goals:
o Historical development of biological science
o Diversity of life + natural processes produces this diversity
o Fundamental c
What is it/ application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of
the morphology, ecology, and behavior of human and non human
primates
5 research disciplines:
primatology
o scientific study of non human primates
o Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical
ecosystems
Paleoanthropology
o Study of the biological evolution of human and non human
primates
o Advent of and changes in human cultural activities
o Evolutionary history of behavior in human and non human
primates
Human variation
o Spatial and temporal variations in human features
o Ex. Geographic and climatic variations
Medical Anthropology
o How social, environmental, and biological factors influence
health, and illness of individuals at the community, regional,
and national level
Foresnic Anthro
o Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
Major questions:
o How does evolution work and how does it effect us>
o What are the biological characteristics of our species/
o Physical record of our evolution?
Research? Scientific Method!
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o State problem
o Gather info
o Form hypothesis
o Test hypothesis
o Record and analyze data
o State the conclusion
o Repeat the work
Scientific theory
4 problems limited development of theory of evolution:
o lack of knowledge on age of earth
o religious concept of fixity of species
o lack of scientific method
o religious notion of separate creation for humans and animals
1) age of the Earth:
o in 1650, earth created on afternoon of October 23, 4004 BC
o accepted because church pronouncements held as secular and
religious law
2)fixity of species
o by 8th century, scientists say living things created in the
present form
3) lack of scientific method
o many ideas and concepts based on singular observations or
fanciful accounts of other travelers
o Ewaipanoma
4)separate Creation for human and animals
o religious doctrine that GOD CREATED Humans separate from
and over animals
o
Carolus Linnaeus
o 1st comprehensive classification system for living things
o each living thing named separate species
o on basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into
broader categories
o Binomial Nomenclature
o Was NOT an evolutionist
George Louis Leclerc
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