The Archaeology of Complexity: Lecture 5.12/1/2011 4:11:00 PM
Organization of Lecture
What is Complex Society
Modeling the Development of Complex Society
What is Complex Society?
Elman Service (1962): Primitive Social Organization.
Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States.
Larger than tribes: 5000-20,000 people
Kin-based ranking under hereditary leader.
Economy based on tribute / distribution.
Archaeological Example: Catalhoyle.
Larger than chiefdoms: generally 20,000+ people
Class based hierarchy.
Laws, bureaucracy, taxation, standing armies.
Archeological Example: All Ancient Civilizations.
Predictive sciences. E.g. Astronomy, Mathematics
Large population aggregates.
Importantly not all these indicators are present in every single ancient
Little evidence got ostentatious display of power in the Indus Valley