Class Notes (808,742)
Canada (493,377)
Anthropology (1,637)
ANT100Y1 (945)

Lecture Note

23 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Christopher Watts

Lecture 1: Biological Anthropology 21:58 Dr. Shawn Lehman AP404A (19 Russell St) Office hours Tuesdays 2-3 Tips Read associated chapters before class Rewrite your lecture notes in full after lecture Review outline the next day Copies of the outline will be on the course site Section Goals 1) Understand development of biological science 2) Understand diversity of life and natural processes produced this diversity 3) Understand fundamental biological and evolutionary concepts 4) Understand how anthropologists, including this in this dept., apply evolutionary biology in their research Evolutionary Anthropology-application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology and behavior of human and non human primates 5 Research Disciplines Primatology Study of non human primates Psych, anatomy, studies of wild animals Also seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems Paleoanthropology Study of biological evolution of humans and non humans, advent of ad changes in human cultural activities, evolutionary history of behavior in human and non human primates Human Variation Spatial and temporal variations in human features For example geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin color and eye color Medical Anthropology How social, environmental and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the community, regional, national, and global levels Forensic Anthropology Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and any trauma or disease of the deceased Major Questions about Humans and our Biology How does evolution work and how does it apply to us? What are biological characteristics of our species? What is physical record of evolution (Paleoanthropology) How evolutionary anthropologists conduct their research (Stanley Gathered Few Trophies Racing Slow Rabbits): State the problem www.notesolution.comGather information Form a hypothesis Test the hypothesis Record and analyze data State the conclusion Repeat the work Work of Early Naturalists that led to Development of Evolutionary Theory Carolus Linnaeus (Karl von Linne, 1707-1778) 1 comprehensive classification system for living things each living thing named separate species on basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into broader categories called genera (singular genus) Binomial Nomenclature First letter of genus is capitalized, like so: Homo Species designations always lower case, like so: sapiens Off-set text: underline if hand-writing (Homo sapiens) or italicize when typing (Homo sapiens) Was NOT an Evolutionist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) Earths history > 6,000 years (ca. 75,000 years). Major issue with contemporary religious authorities Founded biogeography: despite similar environments, different regions have distinct plants and animals Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829) Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics. vital forces within creatures help them adapt to environment Acquired traits: developed through use or disuse, passed on to future generations Among first to formulate method for origination of new species through use or disuse of certain characters of organism Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Naturalist on H.M.S. Beagle, scientific expedition to Pacific coast of South America Observed incredible variety of living and especially fossilized creatures Conclusion: NO fixity of species and notion on short, catastrophic geological history for earth must be incorrect Variation Important in Evolution Physical variety in any populations of organisms If variety provides advantage to certain individuals, then they may produce more offspring These offspring inherit beneficial variation, so they produce more offspring; variation norm of population Population may change, perhaps completely new and different species
More Less

Related notes for ANT100Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.