Class Notes (807,535)
Canada (492,709)
Anthropology (1,635)
ANT200Y1 (95)


6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Michael Chazan

Monday September 20, 2010 Prof. Chazan ANT 200 Introduction to Archaeology Methodology Why Survey? Find Sites - Ask people - Go to old records - Ex, mining companies Find Patterns - Challenges our expectations - This type has research - Goal not to find a single site but pattern of human uses of landscape Ex, Hunter-gatherer societies - Almost always mobile - Move around landscape for diff tasks in diff seasons - Two types given 1. Base camp with surround smaller sites - lithic quarry - hunting sites - nut trees - marsh 2. Cyclical movement, perhaps on seasonal basis - Carry out survey to get a picture of landscape to figure out distribution of sites - Type 1 more sedentary - Type 2 more mobile Settlement Patterning - Use survey to study complex society - If you only found a site your wouldn’t get pattern - Two types given 1. ‘signature of complex societies’ - large urban centre 2. Random settlements along river *important Monday September 20, 2010 Prof. Chazan ANT 200 Introduction to Archaeology Methodology - no clear hierarchy The Pub Effect - Sampling for something specific - You won’t get the whole picture and create a biased view - Ex, pubs! What makes sites visible? - Erosion - Big problem and big help Pro: - Erosion can reveal sites Con: - Moves evidence - Deposition - Erosion gets built up overtime and evidence gets buried Tools to Finding Sites Main tool is walking - Walk until you find evidence Ex, Irregularities Aerial Photography - in some cases you can use Aerial photography to see things not visible on surface Satellite Images - more commonly used now adays - Used in southern iraq as field work prohibited *important Monday September 20, 2010 Prof. Chazan ANT 200 Introduction to Archaeology Methodology - Uses sensors to find subsurface features GPS: Global Positioning System - System of satellites which allows ow to triangulate your precise location anywhere on earth - Degree of precision can vary - Lets you locate places without needing high precision maps - Useful for exploratory research in remote location - Novel survey methodology - Allows us to design maps GIS: Geographical Information System - Allows us to manage spatial data - System that allows us to correlate info - How maps relate to each other - Find similarities Horizontal vs Vertical Excavation Horizontal - Interested in particular time period - How do you know where you are? - Grid of squares each of which has a reference point - Archaeologists dig in square holes - Grid depends on what you’re excavating - How you set your grid will determine precision of your dig - Provenience* - SO important, otherwise evidence no longer valuable - Where archaeological evidence is found in relation to datum (?) Example of a site useful for horizontal excavation: Amarna, Egypt *important Monday September 20, 20
More Less

Related notes for ANT200Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.