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Lecture 10

ARC132H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Pullman Company, Panopticon, Dialectic

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Zeynep Celik

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Social agenda of modern arch
o“architecture can change society”
oin arch since 18th c
Charles Jencks modern arch died when st louis apartment blocks
were demolished
What died was faith in architecture to change society
Le corbusian/ Pruitt igoe
oRobert evans
oRise of corridor = rise of privacy
o1864 house had different understanding of privacy than 1725
oidea that spatial arrangements can produce social results
oarchitects choosing one type over another force people into
ideas of society
1. Ledoux’s saltworks
opronounced social agenda
oledoux in French rev
o“character” concept his contribution
oreflect qualities that society expected of that building
oroyal saltworks
ocommissioned by king
ofactory building for salt
osalt production very important to all industries
oarchitect of ledouxs statue?
oGreat deal of rioting
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oHousing for workers
oArchitecture used to ease tensions that led to rioting
oHousing divided by occupations
oPeculiar “order” that ledoux invented
Refered to land itself
Directors house
Alternation drum/square pillars
Greatly improved housing facilities
oDignified manufacture
oHowever the building recalls the panopticon
oBy putting directors house in the centre it created a
panopticon of sorts
oRioting decreased significantly
oUtopian/dystopian aspects are two faces of the same coin
oPullman company town
Burnt down as result of rioting
The housing question
oInextricably linked to rise of metropolis
o19th c tenement housing
oRis photographer
“how the other half live
working class conditions
ohygene movement
the new Frankfurt/das neue Frankfurt
owerkbund exhibition
oCIAM 1929 meeting in Frankfurt
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