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Lecture 5

JAV131H1 Lecture 5: JAV 131 Lecture 5:5


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
JAV131H1
Professor
Hans Ibelings
Lecture
5

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JAV 131 LEC 5 Intro to Arch.
- 1925-1939 Art Deco, Moderne and Monumental
Functionalism Small part of modernism most important movement in 1930
o Art Deco
o Expressionism
o Traditionalism
o Classicism
Art Deco - 1930
o Cross section: many forms of modern architecture
o Architecture and politics
Style and politics
Nation building
o Authoritarian era: Dictatorships in Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, Spain, Portugal,
colonies in Asia and Africa
Used Architecture to gain power
Art Deco
o label invented in the 1960s
New Spirit, Streamline, Moderne, Modern
o Terms used in the 1930s
Konstantin Melnikov, Soviet pavilion - Le Corbusier, Esprit Nouveau pavilion - Paris 1925
o Not typically in Paris
Pierre Patout, Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (interior), pavillon of a collector, Expo Paris,
1925 (not on exam)
o Less are known
Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann, furniture 1920s
o Mass-produced furniture
Pierre Patout, apartment building, Paris, 1934
Rob Mallet-Stevens, Villa Cavrois, Croix, 1929-1932
Pierre Chareau with Bernard Bijvoet, Glass House, Paris, 1931
Pietro Portaluppi, Villa Necchi, Milan, 1932-1935
Bucharest, 1930s
o Rounded corners and sym
o Normal for Art Deco as thet replied on sym.
-Art deco like arch. (all are similar)
Luis Martinez Feduchi and Vicente Eced, Capitol Building, Madrid, 1926-33
Gregorio Sánchez, Ernesto Lagos and Luis María de la Torre, Kavanagh Building, Buenos
Aires, 1934-36
László Hudec, Park Hotel, Shanghai, 1936
Laslo Hudec, Grand Theatre, Shanghai, 1933
Laslo Hudec, Grand Theatre, Shanghai, 1933
William Van Alen, Chrysler Building, New York , 1928-30
Grand Concourse, Bronx, 1930s - Sym.
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Howe & Lescaze, PSFS Building, Philadelphia, 1929-32
Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux Reinhard & Hofmeister Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray
Rockefeller Center, New York 1931-1935
o Before it as just fillig spaes etee uildig ut o they’re odos
Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux Reinhard & Hofmeister Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray
Rockefeller Center, New York 1931-1935
Arch. Edward Durrell Stone, (interior) Donald Deskey, Radio City Hall, New York, 1933
Edward Durrell Stone, Donald Deskey, Radio City Hall, New York, 1933
Frank Lloyd Wright, Kaufman House (Fallingwater), Bear Run, 1935-38
Frank Lloyd Wright, Johnson Wax, Racine, Wisconsin, 1936-39
Two places that had a natural disaster were rebuilt in a similar style not high style Art
Deco
o Napier Earthquake 1931
o Miami Beach after 1926 hurricane
Kaplan and Sprachman, Allenby Cinema, Toronto 1935
David Jerome Spence, Hogan Bath, Montreal 1932
Art Deco in Montreal 1930s
Ernest Cormier, Cormier House, Montreal, 1930-31
o Bought by the Trudeau family
Ernest Cormier, main building Université de Montréal, Montreal, 1930-43
Willem Dudok, Town Hall, Hilversum, 1928-31
Art Deco
o Exceptional
o Classical
o Ordinary
o Streamline
-Traditionalism
Heinrich Tessenow. housing Hellerau, 1912
o Nothing modern from one point of view
o Very simplified arch makes it a traditionalism
Heinrich Tessenow, Festspielhaus, Hellerau, 1911
o Extremely simplified
Heinrich Tessenow, Landesschule Klotzsche, 1926
Heinrich Tessenow and Bruno Taut, Falkenberg housing, Berlin 1913-16
Paul Bonatz, Main Train Station, Stuttgart, 1911-27
Ragnar Östberg, City Hall, Stockholm, 1911-23
Ernest Cormier, Supreme Court, Ottawa, 1939-40
-Classicism/Monumentalism
Democratic
Dictatorial
Josef Stalin 1924-53, Adolf Hitler 1933-45 and Benito Mussolini 1922-43
o Stalin killed Modern Arch. In the Soviet Union
Ivan Leonidov, Commisariat for the Heavy Industry, Moscow, 1934
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