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ARH305H1 (19)
Lecture

Complex Societies

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Department
Archaeology
Course
ARH305H1
Professor
Gary Coupland
Semester
Fall

Description
Monday November 2811Archaeological InterpretationG CouplandComplex SocietiesLarge Scale StorageAssociated with surplus productionStorage facilities granaries warehouses etc should be centralized ie under elite control found in central places near palace or chiefs residenceIf egalitarian societies produce more than they need it is for winter when food it not availableThis is not a surplus but delayed consumptionLong Distance TradeTrade for exotic materials highly valued because of scarcityExotics used to distinguish elites from nonelites finance elite activitesElites reward nonelites to work for themBut the reward is not took muchjust enough to keep them workingUse surplus to obtain trade items makes the elite more powerful and able to hire more workersMortuary EvidenceThe acid test of inequality for many archaeoligistsAssumes in death as in lifeThe higher ones social status the richer the burial treatmentThe treatment on revokes in death is reflective of who they were in lifeBuried persons wealth or the wealth of those who buried him
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