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Lecture 2

FAH272 Lecture Notes Week 2 - January 21.docx

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Dr.Sharon Vattay

FAH272 Lecture Notes Week 2 January 21, 2013 Some buildings to Know Pantheon - Paris - Designed as a church and turned into a Pantheon School of Surgery - Paris Arc De Triumph - Paris - Introduction to neoclassicism Kedleston, Robert adam Syon House Neoclassicism (18 C) th - What they were doing was not copying the past they were imitating it - The concept was that moving into a modern world you have modern building types and modern uses within these buildings so the architects wanted to ensure that the building was fully functional for modern use but was also imitating or emulating the past - Renaissance was the rebirth of classical ideals and philosophy - Architects would go on a Grande Tour first to Italy and then to Greece to understand the classical buildings George Washington, Jean-Atoine Houdon, 1785 (Monument) - Clear representation of neoclassicism in the US - Designed by a famous French sculptor (Houdon) - Depicted in a pose very reminiscent of roman sculpture - Dressed in very formal attire and official costume attributed to style from the roman republic monuments - The country had broken away from the monarchy (the British) and founded their own governmental system - This representation of him standing with the bundle of rods relates to the rods that are bound together is a symbol of power in the roman republic - The neoclassical to the Americans was very much symbolic and not just a style kind of thing - In the Virginia State Capitol Virginia State Capitol, Richmond, Virginia, Thomas Jefferson, 1785 (building) - Contains the Washington monument - See influences from the Maison Caree, Nimes o Relatively intact example of roman architecture o Thomas Jefferson lived abroad (lived in france) and while he was there he did visit and study this building o So we know that he knew of this building and studied it o He knew of it in an academic was and used ideas from the building in the Virginia state capital - Kind of a starting point for this kind of imagery that you will find in the US Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, Thomas Jefferson, 1770-1784/1796-1806 (building) - Jefferson’s own home - No single American building represents more the principles of neoclassicism than Jefferson’s own home - He thought about it very objectivity and went back to principles of architecture - Very well planned ordered layout based on the necessities of a family of his stature Quattro Libri, Andrea Palladio, 1570 - Writings - Vitruvius influences (even a roman writer can have influences) Villa Rotunda, Andrea Palladio, 1566 (buildings) - One of his most famous buildings - The fact that Jefferson is also using the renaissance ideas of classicism as well as the original historical ideas themselves shows the ability to be much more inve
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