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FAH101H1 Lecture Notes - Secession Building, Adolf Loos, Vienna Secession

Course Code
Dr.Sharon Vattay

of 8
March 4, 2013 FAH272 Lecture
Pimpernel wall paper design, Morris, 1876
Arts and crafts philosophy prominent in England which is strange because
England was so heavily into the industrial revolution
Interest in handiwork and craftsmanship
Relates not only to architecture but painting and such
Broad Leys, England, Voysey, 1898
Greyfriars, England, Voysey, 1897
The Orchard, Chorley Wood, England, C.F.A. Voysey, 1899-1900
- Voysey was a furniture designer and textile designer as well as architect
- Voysey was clearly influenced my Morris
- Designed every detail in the house from the furniture to the designs
- Wanted to show local craftsmanship
- Because Voysey designed all the interiors it made for a very unified building
- Did commission based work (designed a lot of middle class houses)
- Often used very dramatic pitched roofs
- Voysey is sometimes placed in textbooks as one of the pioneers of modern
- Voysey did not see himself as an ‘advant garde’ architect
- He had a strong dislike for what many of the architects were doing at the time
Hill House, Scotland, Charles Mackintosh, 1902-1903
- In Mackintosh’s work you see both the arts and crafts philosophies embedded in
his work as well as references from art nouveau
Glasgow School of Art, Charles mackintosh, 1897-1909
- Mackintosh had a brief architectural career but still had quite a bit of impact
- Building was fairly ordered w/ large windows
- Mackintosh was looking at the building as a total work of art and designed
everything in the building
- You can see on the interior that that vocabulary continues with the design of all
elements in the room (fixtures, carpets, furniture) all contributed to the overall
stylistic category
- Mackintosh believed in craftsmanship and the use of handicraft w/ integrated
- Creates a totally new style
Poster for the first Secession exhibition, Gustav Kllmt, 1894
The Kiss, Gustav Kllmt, 1907
- Mackintosh was known and well received in Austria and so a number of art
nouveau artists became a part of what was known as the venise secession
Secession Building, Vienna, Joseph Olbrich, 1898-1899
- Quite a step for an architect like olbrich to step outside comfort zone and do
something outside of the academic tradition
- Building has decorative qualities from the art nouveau
Steiner house, Vienna, Adolf Loos, 1910
- An architect’s writing often has impact over design
- Loos was affiliated with the Vienna secession but eventually became estranged
from them because of the Vienna secession’s use of ornament
- Loos travelled in America, got influences
- Building
o Unusually street facade
o Lacking ornamentation
o No detail to building