Class Notes (811,179)
Canada (494,542)
Art (527)
FAH101H1 (129)

FAH272 Lecture Notes Week 8 - March 4.docx

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Dr.Sharon Vattay

March 4, 2013 – FAH272 Lecture Pimpernel wall paper design, Morris, 1876  Arts and crafts philosophy prominent in England which is strange because England was so heavily into the industrial revolution  Interest in handiwork and craftsmanship  Relates not only to architecture but painting and such Broad Leys, England, Voysey, 1898 Greyfriars, England, Voysey, 1897 The Orchard, Chorley Wood, England, C.F.A. Voysey, 1899-1900 - Voysey was a furniture designer and textile designer as well as architect - Voysey was clearly influenced my Morris - Designed every detail in the house from the furniture to the designs - Wanted to show local craftsmanship - Because Voysey designed all the interiors it made for a very unified building - Did commission based work (designed a lot of middle class houses) - Often used very dramatic pitched roofs - Voysey is sometimes placed in textbooks as one of the pioneers of modern architecture - Voysey did not see himself as an ‘advant garde’ architect - He had a strong dislike for what many of the architects were doing at the time Hill House, Scotland, Charles Mackintosh, 1902-1903 - In Mackintosh’s work you see both the arts and crafts philosophies embedded in his work as well as references from art nouveau Glasgow School of Art, Charles mackintosh, 1897-1909 - Mackintosh had a brief architectural career but still had quite a bit of impact - Building was fairly ordered w/ large windows - Mackintosh was looking at the building as a total work of art and designed everything in the building - You can see on the interior that that vocabulary continues with the design of all elements in the room (fixtures, carpets, furniture) all contributed to the overall stylistic category - Mackintosh believed in craftsmanship and the use of handicraft w/ integrated furnishings - Creates a totally new style Poster for the first Secession exhibition, Gustav Kllmt, 1894 The Kiss, Gustav Kllmt, 1907 - Mackintosh was known and well received in Austria and so a number of art nouveau artists became a part of what was known as the venise secession Secession Building, Vienna, Joseph Olbrich, 1898-1899 - Quite a step for an architect like olbrich to step outside comfort zone and do something outside of the academic tradition - Building has decorative qualities from the art nouveau Steiner house, Vienna, Adolf Loos, 1910 - An architect’s writing often has impact over design - Loos was affiliated with the Vienna secession but eventually became estranged from them because of the Vienna secession’s use of ornament - Loos travelled in America, got influences - Building o Unusually street facade o Lacking ornamentation o No detail to building o Severe outside, simple windows o Windows are placed where it is functionally appropriate, focus on form follows function - Again, a ‘total’ work of art with the architect having a hand in the total design of the building Ornament and Crime, Adolf Loos (selected essays) - Architectural writing - Suggested that they should not put ornament on buildings for a brief time period because what they want to do instead is make sure the buildings are aesthetically appropriate instead (goes back to form and function) - Relates putting ornament on buildings to a criminal offence Moller House, Vienna, Adolf Loos, 1930 - Building o No ornamentation o Focus on window and door openings o Again, the focus is on function, no importance on referencing ornamentation to present past o Unique way of organizing floor spaces o Quite complex floor plan o Designed to follow the functions of a modern family living unit - Follows idea of architectures emphasis on the people who are living in the building and not so much about creating a clothed exterior for the people walking by but more for the people who are actually going to use it Englische Haus, Hermann Muthesius (book) - Some people claim it changed the course of architecture - Advocates idea that there was an inferiority to the German culture that was caused by the disruption through the industrialized process of society - He starts to spread the word and other architects come along to the kind of st
More Less

Related notes for FAH101H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.