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Lecture 11

FAH101H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Erotic Art, La Schiavona, Analog Science Fiction And Fact


Department
Art
Course Code
FAH101H1
Professor
hh
Lecture
11

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FAH337H1S LEC 11 March 21/2016
PRINTS
artists were jealous of mantagne because of his success and talent
there was this issue and of print making
some of the problems come into play when an arists creates a diesng, - a singular imagei
nt he form of a drawing. For the case of mantagne, where the artist was making the
design and the design makers would take it to an engraver (on a cup or a plate) or a
skilled woodcarver to ransfer the design to a wood etc. there could be problems as we
saw wih Mantage where he had to get legal duke to fix the problem.
The man working the coppper plate or the artist working the wood block – to keep them
from getting into the hands of the other edesigners
This is a new dimnesion in image making
If you think about I, you have a drawing and you can make copies of that drawing bu
there is a sequence of an original to that copy. And it needs labour and skill to making it
copy. And paining is a singular work of art and back in the day, it was easier to tarce the
linegage. If it was a religious paiting, the original would bei n the church. In other
instances, if something like a mythological painting, then hey would know he original
would be with so and so and it would be easier to copy these paintings.
This is the first times where you have identical copies now being made in sequence.
The issues that arise in relationshion to modern problems. We work and study and have
to be aware of all the time of copyright and plaigirism. There is this idea of forgeries.
This is the first place we see these kinds of issues in play and we will lookat the early
thinking o what ift meant for an artist to establish their identiy as an artist for their
iamges.
Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrair, 500 – Munich, Alte Pinakothek
an artist who representtes the beginning of renaissance in germany in terms of carrying
forward standards of high realism. Working in oil paint to create deep colours and
realistic images.
Things going on in itatly and his interest in classicims- travelling to italy to study the
antiques in rome. And the time in venice as a print maker.
Portrait of Durer: tells about himself. German artist. Egnaging with new ideas about art
and status of artists during the opneing of high renissansce. Changing status of the artsit
from a craftsman (work measured in manual skill in oppose to artist as an intellectela-
someone who has this aspect of creativity, content and concepts). We have been seeing
this in the course of the 15th century. Ex. Ghiberti’s self praise he engaged in, in writing
his own comenatieries and he is engaged in this enterprise of self fashioning of a self
artisan and an intellectual. Showing his work of art from aniqutiy and the different ways
in which the ancients wrote about ar and praised art. Italians have a long advatnage
over germany right now.
In terms of his development as an artist like leo and raphaoel and michelolngo,
someone who is a prodigy and an extrmeley talented and a young man who relizes the
capacities of his talents. You can see in the protarit that it is modelling his own protrait
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on he prototype of images that were usually reserved none other than christ himself.
Hes no saying he is a god but it is making a commentary on his talent that he recevied
from god. The cration of life-like images. Almost bringing himsel to life in the panel. He
finger poining to himsel showing himself and his creativity poiing out to God’s creation.
Like M’s God pointing at Adam. This idea of hand has this crative capacity to bring
images to life. This is a portrai that emphasis the crative talent that durer embodies
himself that was given to him by God.
Background on prints –
Left hand – card woodblock for a page hat was printed for a book of the lives of the
saints. Prined books were an issues as well in terms of copy right and intelleclltual
property. Collecion of the lives of saints – with st.sebastien you see him being martyred
and who woldt renounce his faith. The roman soldiers are shooing at him with arrows.
You get a scene with how he is getting martyered. And it is compared with the oother
opicture. Compare it to sea of monsters and dpeending on the context and type of
meidum, itc cold be quite sophisiticated. Or a book like this, can make I more engaged
and more lively. Prints were very simple, rustic and humble but do the job of bringing
sotires to the life to the reader. You can see that colour was added.
There is a plate that was carved out of wood. You can see that the print is an actual
mirror image. The iamge is going to be see in the mirror reverse of that is being carved
nto the wood block.in the empty places (white places) have been carved away and those
were cavaties that exist on the wood block and the parts that create he lines and images
are leeft raised. Once you have the woodblock carved the printer would make copies. It
is rare for us to have a block print for us to have. It is used until it cant be used anymore.
In terms of the functions of images, wehre you find them and the quality of the images
You have kind of a reovlution that first happens in northern eruope and throgh italy. In
terms of bok production and printing, venice becomes the most importance place in
which this happens in
Durer, the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypose: one of the things that were an important
tdiemsnion of Durer’s fame was his financial success as an artist. It was in his making of
prints. The transfomraiton of the print. Turning the print in a northern conext into a fine
art. To put it on praralell with arrange o things like paintings. One scene of a series of
images that he did. They were sold as a collecion of a book/series of spceial prints. They
are scenes that came from the bible. We can look at it in detail. Showing as an example
of the astounding quality of the prints that Duhrer makes. The imgination that go into
bringing these scenes to life are amazing. But how do we transform it into a print? We
don’t know who are these wood cutters that worked with Duhrer to produce these
prints.
Hen dealiting with a woodlcok prin, the actual piece of wood used was hard fine grain.
Because there is a lot of cutting in that direction that happens. In terms of cutting, wood
has a grain o it. Everything goes in one direction. It is easy following the grain and
cutting it then. So you have to go in there with like surgeon materials to get this rustic
detail (the martyrdom of st.sebastian). the detail of the multi directionality of the lines
and forms that are created with the structure of the woodblook print.
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There is an emphasis on the grain of a wood in the background…
To be able to produce that in multtiples the woodcutter takes the image and ..
There is this idea by being able to issue things in series. Issuing in larger or smaller print
runs. This depends on the quality of the plates also. Larger numbers want to use a
woodblock cause you get more prints as ooposed to prints like this (Adam and Eve).
Highly graphic qualiy too. Equaliy of a modern best seller in terms of the succes these
images had. It sealed his reputation as a highly talented print maker.
plate of metal. Because its metal we don’t hae the same concerns of havign to follow
grain with a woodlock. Because copper is soft metal, he graver can make these fine thin
lines, in terms of the hatching, shading and modelling. You can see that the graphic
quality and highlights of shading are far more suble than youget with a woodluck. You
can get an exxremely refined drawing. This would be issued in a series. you can look in ll
of them, Durer wih the panels putting his mongraph and his signature on it to show that
it was created by him.
Durer finds enormous success not only n Germany but is travelling far wide and venice is
the city hat is emersed in the production of books. It is a site that is inerested in the
proucion of prints. Venice was a hot spot for producing pprints was because of their
involenent in paper producing. A natural draw for prinmakers. There are many other
things in situation with italty that attact durer. We see him ravel parts of italy and all he
way to venice. He finds when he arrives that, he sees a series of stories of the life of the
viergin mary. He finds a whole bunch of prints that look like hi stuff but they are not the
prints that he made. So he is wondering how they were made but it was not his.
Durer, from the life of the virgin – made out of woodcut. There is a graphic signature
that a woodcutter has. He can tell the difference. It has to do wih the directionality of
the line. Shown wih the shadow and columns and shading. And he is able to see that
tese are not his wood cuttings because of this person called Raimondi who wsas aking
copies using copper plate. The shading in the ceiling is different (in direction). There is
also stippling on the clumn where as on the copper, it is all solid lines.
Durer is astouned because this person stole the entire composition. He is creating these
images outright and you can see he is changing nothing. All the way down to he fact
that, ddurer finds a way to conclude a plaque to put his intials, nd notice that it shows
up with this plaque that is stuck at the side of he column which shows up on the
monograph AD on it. Durer is not at all pleased with this. And this brings the characer or
Raimondi who makes copies of these paintings that became so famous.
He is a woodcarver and metaal maker. He thought it was fair game. They were out in the
public domain. He thought images that were fair game were to be copied and he took
this to show his own talent and bring himself some money. People sought after Durer
images. And they did not know the difference although the orgiinal was a woodlock and
not a copper one. So for Raimondi to play on the ignorance of the audience of collectors
was common.
Durer tires to take legal address and faces the venice government and wants toa rogue
for the first time – the idea of intelletcual property. These designs and compositions are
original inventions on his own part and he should be able to take ownership on them.
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