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Lecture

FAH102 - The Work of Art I: The Visual Analysis

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Department
Art
Course Code
FAH102H1
Professor
J.Wollens

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Alexandra Zylka January 20 , 2011 FAH102 – The Practice of Art History / Lecture 2 The Work of Art I: The Visual Analysis (Painting, Sculpture) - slides on FADIS Jakob Burckhardt (1818-1897) - Of Swiss origin - His approach to art and history came from a more wholesome, cultural-historical approach. - Known as the father of cultural history (Aby Warburg will later significantly expand on this line of ideas) - Discussed the complex of life and people, including religion, art and literature. Heinrich Wölfflin (1864-1945) - Famous Swiss art historian, whose classifying principles (“painterly” vs. “linear”) were influential in the development of formal analysis in the History or art during the later 20 th century. - Taught in Basel, Berlin and Munich. - Three great books: Renaissance and Baroque, Classic Art and Principles of Art History. - His family was wealthy and cultured - Studied art history and philosophy under Jakob Burckhardt at the University of Basel. - Emphasized there being psychology in the perception of psychology in art. (“art psychology”) - Baroque – based on “Baroco”(irregular)- Renaissance – comes from goldsmiths - Why was Wölfflin so important? o Offered the perspective of a value-free, culturally unbiased, objective, more-or- less scientific, apolitical access to works of art…within the constraints of his time, of course. - By introducing method into art history, Wölfflin hopes to make it a discipline that comprises more than appreciation of beauty and sensitivity to style. The first departments of Art History – had to establish themselves as a serious science. Archaeology – the grandmother of art history Vernon Hyde Minor - Believes that art can have a firmer foundation than it seemed to claim in the nineteenth century - He wants to make art history scientific (although in a somewhat different sense than physics and biology are sciences) The birth place of the history of art and of the field as a university institution lies in Germany. - 1813 Göttingen - 1844 Berlin - 1852 Vienna Wölfflin’s contemporaries were among others… - Carl Jung - Sigmund Freud - Karl Max “You are ugly” is only valid when “You are beauty” is said. – a means of comparison, side by side. A Biunial or double lens Magic Lantern - Made in England in 1878 by Tyler and Stackemann, Waterloo Road, London - The Biunial magic lantern has two separate optical systems to allow the projection of dissolves and other effects. But what exactly is style? - Stlye, according to Wölfflin, depends on various factors such as : o Persons o Schools o Country o Race o Period o And the elusive spirit of the age, the Zeitgeist Wöfflin’s Principles : - LINEAR – PAINTERLY - PLANE – RECESSION - CLOSED – OPEN - UNITY – MULTIPLICITY - ABSOLUTE CLARITY – RELATIVE CLARITY 1)Linear vs. painterly. Elements on the canvas are primarily described by lines. Figures are
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