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BIO230H1 (243)
Lecture

BIO230 part 1 notes.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIO230H1
Professor
Darrel Desveaux
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 1 o Two main cell typesProkaryoticseubacteriaarchaea o Are usually single celled and lack nucleusorganelles o Eukaryotesplants fungi animals o Some single celled but usually multicellularhas nucleiorganelles o Prokaryotes are surrounded by sugar coatcell wall and plasma membrane that houses DNA proteinsRNAs odoesnt always have tails o Genomes encode the information to construct and maintain an organismGenomes are mostly made of DNA except some viruses that have RNA genomesGenome expression is required to release biological information o Genome expression makes transcriptome first which is a collection of RNA molecules in a cell at a particular time o Transcriptome is maintained by Transcription oo secondly genome expression makes proteome which is a collection proteins in a cell which is maintained through Translation o
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