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chapter 7

Course Code
Claesson Welsh

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Sep 29, 2010
The Sea
-Genealogy: Gaia = Uranus, Mountains, Pontus; Gaia + Uranus = Titans, Cylcopes, Hundred
oOceanus the Titan + Tethys = Oceanids (incl Doris)
-Gaia + Pontus = Nereus (old man of the sea)
-Doris + Nereus = 50 daughters (the Nereids) > three named Thetis, Galatea, Amphitrite
-When looking at art of gods and goddesses, have to question what its trying to say
-Thetis and Peleus
-BF Lekythos > Peleus and Thetis (painting on a vase)
-Divine of the sea being able to change shape at will
-Wedding of a Lifetime (Dinos The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis; Sophilos [on blackboard])
oPeleus gets Thetis to marry him
oIn Greek Pantheon, she and Poseidon are the same kind of pairing as Hera and Zeus
oPoseidons consort and wife; the one who gets angry when he is in affair w/ others
oUnderwater version of Hera
oA reluctant bride; preferred to live maiden life in sea; flees from Poseidon repeatedly, but
finally gives in
oLives in a golden palace under the sea
oLike Hera, not much myth about her separate from Poseidon
-Nereus, Triton, or Proteus?
oPermanently hybrid creature > half sea-serpent, half man
oTriton son of Amphitrite and Poseidon
oNereus and Proteus; both considered old men of sea, able to change shape
ob/w world of man and sea > blended characteristics of the two
oTrident: three pronged fork > not originally a thunderbolt, not originally sky god (contrary
to textbook); rather, originally an earth god
oSupporter of earth, but also shaker of earth and barren sea (sea cataclysms, earthquakes;
destructive powers)
oAppearance like Zeus; mature, bearded adult male
oHow become god of sea > after the war Zeus divides the world into separate worlds; gives
the sea to Poseidon > Zeus not only divides the realms but probably usurps other gods
oIdea of ocean a river around earth; Poseidon technically keeps the land safe, surrounding it
oControl over elemental forces; the sea (storms), the land
oHelicon and Aegae > poem about the city Helice rather than the Mt Helicon
Helice disappears in antiquity in an earthquake; sinks into the earth
oTamer of horses; horses thought of as creators of natural springs of water
oGod of horses before god of sea; father of horses > very old connection to horses
NOT a sky god, originally
Male god of fertility of earth; male version of Gaia > gives a closer idea
Zeus pushes Poseidon aside in importance in the narrative, but also historically
Mycenae age; clay tablets in palaces written in early Greek (linear B) > show an
early form of Poseidon; written as PO-SE-DA-WO-NE
Shown as a big deal; had even greater importance than Zeus; the supreme god in
some areas
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