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Lecture 6

CLA233 Lecture 6 Notes

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Michael J.Dewar

CLA233 Lecture 6 Notes Gender and Sexuality - terms that appear repeatedly in descriptions of women - pia – loyal, faithful, respectful – of tradition, doing what she ought to - pudica – chaste – sexual loyalty - lanifica – wool-maker - domiseda – home-sitter – stays at home A Model Elite Wife and Mother - Claudia – has the name of Claudius – important - reading inscription on tomb – allows the person to live for a moment - unlovely tomb of a lovely woman - always important to know her name – father Claudius – high aristocratic class because the name is high class - loved her husband – important - two sons – one died before she did, the other is still alive - not ugly, not mean - proper wife – looked after house, did her duties – made wool - all that is important about her - married for position, money – clearly within arranged marriages, affection could grow - striking that ideal remains that couple lived harmoniously, despite no true romantic love – aristocratic ideal imitated by people lower in social ranks - when Romans talk about marriage – have affection, a harmonious life A Loving Couple, Former Slaves - reminder and emphasis of duty and affection – faithfulness - man – ex-slave – likely they had both been slaves in the same household – love match perhaps - however, language is very conventional - appears that they truly loved one another - epitaphs often display loving sentiments A Devoted Husband - Pliny describes himself and love for his wife in typical romantic and poetic language - unclear whether the words are sincere or embellished - appearance of so much love that he is enslaved by his affection - Roman love poetry – love poet – explains his love, the pain he experiences and her cruelty for not being with him – Pliny follows this - presenting himself in the language of a love poet – as a highly romantic man - diminishes himself – lowers his dignitas – plays with Roman ideas and conventions - imagery – being locked out of his house and cannot reach her – typical of Roman love poetry - implication that Pliny loves his wife so much that he lowers his dignitas but does not care – only way he can ignore his pining for her and his pain is through work in which he receives dignitas - much mediated by Roman culture – the way love for his wife is expressed - much about Pliny himself – reveals much about himself - Pliny wrote his letters for the public – he may be putting on a show An Unhappy Marriage - Roman speaking to friends – private – likely to reveal more when not expecting that others will be reading it - Cicero – responding to letter from Atticus, his friend - problems between Cicero’s brother and Atticus’ sister – but makes it clear that their social arrangements will stand stronger between Atticus and both brothers despite the marital problems of their siblings – “talked first and foremost about you” - some quarrel – private matter – Cicero does not have to make it clear – brother has not taken offense at his wife’s acts, no sign of it - Quintus – tells his wife to take care of the women, and he will take care of the men - wife refuses to
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