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Cognitive Science
John Vervaeke

Day 2 September 16, 2013 1:10 PM What is cognitive science? Scientific evolution is It is a generic name for all sciences that study cognition incomplete because - Artificial intelligence qualitative data is less - How brains link together prevalent - Anthropology - Psychology They all share a common feature, everything is a part of cognition. *Synoptic integration We hit a gap, no scientific explanation for cognitive application - Cognitive science is not just synoptic integration it is the attempt to naturally explain the mind in a qualitative sense of science to complete the evolution. - Naturalistic imperative is to render a synoptic integration to explain cognition naturally - Creating plausibility constructs, we need to qualitatively complete the scientific explanation we do that by carrying out the imperatives of cognitive science Imperatives of cognitive Science: Analyze study Formalize theorize Mechanize create ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Multi-Aptness: - How we judge theories, we prefer theories that are more elegant - Theories that are apt - Elegance is one of the things we use to rationally assume our constructs - In psychology we use converges from many people in order to decide something - The probability that each piece of evidence come to one conclusion is high among good theories in psychology - We like numbers in science because they provide specific convergence  Keep in mind numbers aren't always true, the test has to have significance - People look for a balance between convergence and elegance of a theory - It needs to be true, but also be simple to understand/test - When both are deep in balance, ie trustworthiness and elegance then it becomes a profound theoretical construct Theles (first philosopher not self-proclaimed): - 150 years before Socrates - Perfected an eclipse Three philosophies by him: - All is the moist - The loadstone has psyche - Everything is full of gods - All our false claims, it doesn’t matter - It is the type of thinking that made him important 1) He is trying to say everything is made up of water, it is rational since he is from Greece, rains, surrounded in water, life needs water, water changes shape made this idea actually seem plausible made this idea actually seem plausible * very radical idea, he observed this 'water phenomenon' narratively Narrative: people want to know things narratively, like storytelling, ie crimes, how was your day ○ He was trying to find the underlying property that everything was made of. ○ He tried to analyse complex phenomenon into an elegant theory this is ontological analysis 2) Psyche originally didn’t mean mind, it meant self-moving, it can moving itself, more about animation psyche used to be pronounced 'sookay' in greece He was trying to explain why things could move, through ontological analysis ie magnets 3) Greeks had a different notion of gods, tried to have 'real' gods, the ability to wield power, ie nature Theles was trying to explain that everything had a god in them, ie neptune, zues etc Tried to get beyond superficial looks to the deeper reality of things and explain why nature occurred Scientific Revolution: - 15/16th century - Not driven by experimental science originally - It was originally driven by astronomy, which is not experimental - Started to apply math to celestial data from astronomy research Kapernakes: ○ Said sun is center of universe, just because math worked better Galileo: ○ Began to use a triangle to explain speed, distance and time ○ Started to use math in a very abstract way Dake-art???: ○ Cartesian plane, realises analytical geometry, invented graphing ○ Everything could be rendered by an algebraic equations ○ Started to formulize explanations Cognitive Science: Homuncular
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