EAS105H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Bombing Of Tokyo, Douglas Macarthur, American Imperialism

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31 Aug 2017
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What does it mean to be at war?
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What starts a war?
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What does it mean for a war to end?
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When did the war start, when did it end?
Atomic bombing
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Hiroshima Before and After
Can't simply decolonize-> Complicated process
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What happens to EA?
What happens to Japan?
What happens to the empire when you remove the empire?
China
Korea
Japan
What happens when Japan collapses?
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World doesn't suddenly return to pre-war state
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Postwar: Decolonization
Started in 1937 in China
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Japan was fighting USA
Ended in 1945
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War with USA started in 1941
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1941-45- Pacific War
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War between China and Japan
1937-1945- Second Sino-Japanese War
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1932-1945- Manchukuo (Manchuria as Japanese state)
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1910-1945- Korea as colony of Japan
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1895-1945- Taiwan as colony of Japan
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War in East Asia
1945- War ended politically-> peace treaties signed, etc.
When did the war end?
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E.g. Took Japanese soldiers around 2 years to get home from camps
In practical terms, it took time to get people back "home"
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War and decolonization?
6 million Japanese returned home between 1945-47
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Almost 1 million Koreans returned to Korea from Japan
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Not clean process
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Japan to be repatriated
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E.g. Family missing, homes gone, etc.
Radio program Returnee News and Missing Persons
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Dower
Coming home alone without parents
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Returning to a place they never been/don't know well
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Children Coming Home
Kyodatsu- Exhaustion and despair
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Dower situates American war as 1941-45 and Japanese war as 1931-45
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Dower
Lecture 10: War and Decolonization
February 25, 2017
12:04 AM
Lecture 10 Page 1
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Japan was at war for long time-> exhaustion
Dower situates American war as 1941-45 and Japanese war as 1931-45
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To avoid Western colonization, Japan created an idea of equality where people are to
die for that empire
Instead of colonization, it created a parallel
Socialization for death
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Mao collected peasants that realized system of power they were under could be fought
Spontaneous organization by peasants showed they had taken control
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Karl on Mao
Was the replacement of one kind of oppression over the individual with another
Socialization for death
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"Racializing' Asia to defend imperialism
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China and Korea= "different"
Dehumanizing others
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People convinced that they should be giving up their lives to a different source of power
(the state)
Replacement of one type of oppression of the individual with another
You as a person is there to serve the state
modernized, there was still oppression
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Convinced that they should die for the empire- so what happens when the empire collapses?
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Kyodatsu
What do you do when the empire ends?
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E.g. "Jap"- dehumanization of Japanese for justification for atomic bombs, war, etc.
Dehumanization not taking place in Asia, takes place all over the world
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Japan
Surrender liberates from death but to what?
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Food came from colonies and suddenly it stopped
Domestic crops failed that year
Hunger
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Dower
August 1945- Japan surrenders to the Allies. World War II ends
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1945-1952- Japan occupied by the Allies (USA)
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General Douglas MacArthur- General of occupation forces
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Japan leaves China at end of war
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Countries occupied by Japan left in disarray by Japanese leaving but not in process of
recovering
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Japan Surrenders
How to make the transition?
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Publishing and vegetable gardens?
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What do we do now? How do we produce media at the end of propaganda?
Started publishing about vegetable gardens to survive
Media- been producing propaganda in Japan
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Political space turned into vegetable gardens
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Dower
China and Korea get forgotten because it's now about Japan vs. USA
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Tokyo Firebombing, March 1945
1950-1953
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Korea goes to war and gets divided into North and South Korea
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Korean War
Lecture 10 Page 2
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