EAS105H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Dutch Formosa, Civilizing Mission, Japanization

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31 Aug 2017
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Modernization
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Westernization
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Modernization vs. Westernization
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Can't look at any of these situations and have a clean cut of what is one and what is the other
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Modernization came because of the West
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"Messy Ideas"
"industrialization and capitalist development; the systemization of law and rationalization in
thought; popular sovereignty, liberal legality, and democracy; and so fort."
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Lee's Definiton of Modernity
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Progress needs someone behind you (Colony, the other not winner)
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Colonies are promised the progress
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Colonies are policed (carefully regulated, to teach them to Improve)
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Colonies can provide commodity
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Imperialism looks for commodities and find them in the colonies
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Commodities make us modern
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Colonialism: Central to the Modern
Political control- controlling people of the colony
Economic control- where the money they're producing goes
Transfer of people to a new colony
Make Korean people Japanese
E.g. In North America, justifying what was happening through religion and racism
E.g. Japan in Taiwan and Korea- bringing modernity to these places
"Civilizing mission"
Command over existing people
Colonialism
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Political control
Economic control
Command "new" place
"Civilizing mission"
Economic exploitation
Imperialism
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Might affect what you're trying to say
Colonialism= affects bodies and people
Imperialism= economic exploitation
When you use one, be aware of why you use one over the other
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Colonialism vs. Imperialism
Flow od money from Korea and Taiwan to Japan
Empire
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Policing
Power flowing from Japan to colonies
Colonies
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Imperialism vs. Colonialism in Japan
Does having a colony make Japan equal? Is this what it takes to be modern?
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Those who are running the relay can change the qualifications
Japan: not quite white
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Japan uses colony as a checklist that it's at the front of the race
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Japan as Colonial Power (Ching)
Lecture 7: Colonization and Imperialism
February 24, 2017
11:31 PM
Lecture 7 Page 1
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I.e. England, France, etc. have colonies
Japan uses colony as a checklist that it's at the front of the race
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Never going to overcome because of race
Japan= most militarily and economically modern in East Asia, but according to West certain
issues aren't good enough
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1895-1945- Taiwan under Japanese rule
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1910-1945- Korea under Japanese rule
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1931-1945- Manchuria under Japanese rule
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1937-1945- Japanese in China
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East Asian Colonies
Japanese annexation of Taiwan happened during rush to claim territories as part of modern
colonial system
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Get as many colonies as quickly as you can
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America tried to get some colonies, but failed
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Japan more ready to modernize than they though
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Japan taking Taiwan part of larger world struggle to get colonies
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Colonizing Taiwan
"Japanese colonies" were not all the same
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Ways they were governed were different
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Are they opened to being colonized? Most answers= no
This and ways they were governed are related.
Way governed responded were different
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E.g. When Japan entered China, government was much more fascist
Time to went to govern were different
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Wanted good first experience to show West they were modern
Taiwan was Japan's first colony
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Koreans showed little interest in assimilating with Japan while Taiwanese saw assimilating with
Japanese as something more positive (saw as becoming modern)
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Taiwan is not Korea
Why did Japanese colonialists modernize Korean society?
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Left some good behind-> something positive came out of it
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We already have a bias that modern is better than not modern
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E.g. First world vs. third world
Modernization often equated with good
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E.g. Justify brutality in Korea with good that came out of it
Used to justify actions
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Is Modern "Good"?
"Japanese imperialism and colonialism was [not] somehow different and unique."
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Is Japan taking over Taiwan and Korea the same as Britain taking over India
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Mostly= racialized colonization-> white colonizes non-white
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Japanese colonize people of same race
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Sameness justified taking over a place
But justifying it by their own advancement (modern vs. non-modern)
Two opposites that work together- we are the same but different
Japan trying to make use of this. We are better than having a white power looking after you->
releasing from European power
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Japan as Colonial Power
Japan created own "domineering gaze" over colonizing subjects
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Taiwan not equal to Korea
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Japan and empire seemingly had equal racial and cultural ideas
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Japan went on to construct own racial difference
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Japan and Race (Ching)
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