EAS105H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Time Complexity, Print Culture, Imagined Community

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31 Aug 2017
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Eurocentrism
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Linear time
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Progress
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Localism
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Imagined community: simultaneity, homogenous space
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Western(ization)/Modern(ization)
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These things are often connectors between reading
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Know how these fit into different readings
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Modernity: some concepts
Industrialization (economic modernization)
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Establisiing a mnational constitution and parliament
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In order to modernize Japan, the Meiji government had 3 goals
Architecture
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Changing from traditional dress to Western clothes
Something we desire and want to buy
Clothing
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How we move through the world
Clothing affects how we move through the world
Gesture
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How and way we buy things
Shopping
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How you use a toilet changes depending on where you are
Toilets
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How you feed babies
Formula
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Food
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Concepts (above) tie all of these expressions together
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Modernity: Some expressions of:
Article on print culture in China
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Builds on Benedict Anderson's "imagined community"
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Everyone has to buy into an idea before it can exist
Nation is first an "imagined community" based on idea of simultaneity
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Looked at how people produced a community and created print culture
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Multiple ways culture is part of production
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Lee Reading
Not everything you read is exactly as it is
People don't tell everything-> curate and edit
Bias depending on who tells history
Reading history critically
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More arrests doesn’t equal more criminals
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Insight into effects of opium on individuals
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Macauley
Says he "reads against the historical gain"
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Henry
Lecture 5: Linear Progress
February 6, 2017
1:22 PM
Lecture 5 Page 1
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Says he "reads against the historical gain"
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"Leave Asia for the West"
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Japan wanted to be equal to the West by being similar to it in many ways
Japanese efforts to attain diplomatic and commercial parity with the Western powers by
modernizing its society, economy, and politics
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Others put behind-> linear tim
Were simultaneously carried out and facilitated by imperialistic policies aimed at Hokkaido
(formerly Ezo), Okinawa (formerly Ryu kyu), Taiwan, Karafuto (southern Sakhalin), Korea, the
mandate islands of
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Expanding, but leaving other places behind-> linear progress
Japan winning by putting others behind them
Refers to Morris-Suzuki's work on Karafuto, for example, has shown how the tensions
between assimilating so-called natives and maintaining differences from them… created
"many concentric circles of colonial citizenship" in a hierarchy of relations among "Japanese
proper" (naichijin), colonized Koreans, and Taiwanese, and "Karafuto Natives"
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Japanese-led projects to sanitize early colonial Seoul and to reform the hygienic habits of the
city's Korean residents discussed below resemble, in many ways, similar tasks being carried
out simultaneously in the metropole, especially in the regard to the urban poor.
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Not everything written in history is of equal value
Journalists
Popular ethnographers
A lot of writings not coming from Koreans, but for Korean readership
Looks at who wrote about Korea and for what purpose-> who and why?
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Writing about what makes Korean different from Japan, Korean=/ Japan
How Koreans were behind, labelling Koreans as less than Japanese
Without this difference, you couldn't justify Japan being in Korea-> difference justified
Japanese occupation in Korea
Hence, what impelled these popular ethnographers was not the dispassionate chronicling of
Korean culture as such, but the discursive construction of difference between Koreans and
Japanese
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Suggests that Japan was catching up
Quote in Bryson on how Japanese women could almost be Western
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Almost is not equal to the same
Koreans not as great as Japanese
Henry says that Korean people could almost be mistaken as Japanese
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A task that ultimately justified Japan's imperialism
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Koreans are discursively made "less than"
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Hygiene as progress
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Japan= cleaner
Korea= backward
Explained why Japan needed to take over Korea
Dichotomized representations of a ore sanitarily advanced Japan and a purportedly
hygienically backward Korea served, nonetheless, to create the cultural difference necessary
to justify Japan's imperial presence
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Promise that they would become equal
Never happened
Then, according to one lofty newspaper editorial, they would, at a later date, be rewarded
with treatment and rights of a "first-class citizen"
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City organized to show linear time
Visited by Japanese travelers to show that Korea was old
They (sites) were refashioned as archaic counterparts to the modern present and future of the
city, converted into entertainment and tourist sites to be visited by Japanese and foreign
travelers
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How do toilets in Korea connect to department stores in urban Japan?
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Commodity
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Henry to Young
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