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ENG150Y1 Lecture Notes - Monolatrism, Polytheism, Talmon

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David Roberts

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Hebrew Bible Lecture 1 - Exodus
The plotline of the A. and the Bible are essentially the same
o The religion; Monotheistic vs. Polytheistic
o Land based culture vs. Sea based culture
o A. Written from those who were in power, the nobility class, the ruling class. Exodus was
the opposite, those who are out of power and are oppressed.
The Exodus rejects the idea of annexation, subjugation, of imperial over reaching
Second difference that’s major is religion
Polytheism (poly ‘many’ + theos ‘god’)
Monolatry (mono ‘one’ + latros ‘worship’)
Monotheism (mono ‘one’ + theos ‘god’
o Tutelary Deity: God of Israel (protective deity)
o Universal Deity: God of the Whole World
Slide 2
1-4 Israel in Egypt; Calling of Moses
5-13 Encounters with Pharaoh
o 5-10 first 9 plagues
o 11-13:16 10th plague, Passover, and escape
13-15 Crossing the Red Sea
15-18 Crises in the Wilderness
19-24 Revelation at MT Sinai
25-31 Instructions for the Tabernacle
32-34 Golden Calf; Covenant Restored
35-40 Building of the Tabernacle
Hebrew Bible (Lecture 2) Genesis
Monotheism developed because of the Israelites who were in between two great empirical
The divine will no longer expresses the divine will of the social hierarchy
What we mean by the term ‘bible’
o Ancient Greek, the bible meant plural for book, ie books, a collection of books
Main differences Genesis is formed on
o A historical manifestation of Divine Will
Ancient Near Eastern Polytheist Myths
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