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Lecture

Lecture notes for Fate of the Artist

8 Pages
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Department
English
Course Code
ENG235H1
Professor
Andrew Lesk

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ENG235: The Fate of the Artist
Roland Barthes,The Death of the Author” (1967)
The text is a tissue of quotations drawn from the innumerable centres of culture.” (most significant)
Death of the author is the birth of the reader
Text is a “multi-dimensional space in which a variety of writing, none of them original, blend and clash.
oDrawing on different cultures
oThings we experience are not original at all
oIdea of the original no longer exists
Way to interpret text does not only lie within the author
If our lives are texts and if we know that there are no originals what do our lives draw upon?
oThings that come before us; pieces of cultures that precede us and thus nourish us?
oDoes this mean we are fragmented as well?
The cultural montage which characterizes Western culture
It is always in flux the only sure thing we can know is change and what is temporary
Intertexuality
Our lives areintertexts”
Arthur Danto
For the last 150 years, western art has become more an object lesson in self-discovery than a medium of
aesthetic representation
Idea of “What is beauty?shifts toWhat is art?
oShift to individualism
oQuestioning what is beauty
Warhol
oArt is anything you say is art
Artist loses authority through constant fragmentation over generations
Celebrity
oSelf-awareness of your actions
The Fate of the Artist
www.notesolution.com
Questions the fundamental importance of the project itself; calculated novel
What is the fate of the artist?
oDeath of the artist
oImportance of the reader
Campbell is self-aware; but turns it into an attack on post-modernism
About an artist who goes through a crisis of creation
Interconnected Collage of Form and Content
Campbell blurs the boundaries between:
oNon-authorial and the authorial voice
Author is Eddie Campbell, but he doesn’t appear at all in the book; he wrote what other people
are saying about him; is it about Eddie Campbell or by Eddie Campbell? Neither? Both?
oCommentary and characters
Hayley; did she actually say what was written?
oAutobiography and Fiction
We cannot know anything; book is elusive in truth
We don’t know if the autobiographical details are true, only the author knows
Resulting in a deliberate assault on one’s ability to tell truth from fabrication.
oPost-modern ideas
If the reader cannot determine where Eddie Campbell is; the only one that can find him is himself, the artist
Is autobiographical but alludes to a larger question about the fate of art
Campbell suggests:
oFate of the artist is connected the fate of the art
oFighting against the death of the author
Cover of the book
oRepresents what is taking place in the book
oThree other things seem to mask the portrait of the artist completely, but he is still there, he still exists as
an author
Back of the book
www.notesolution.com
oLooks like the back of a stage prop
oEddie supports the book from the back, but he is also on the front
Inside cover
oSounds like a prologue for a play
All this points to:
oArtificial representation
oThe book is a stage
Image on the first page; “Chatterton
oChatterton forged poetry to gain recognition
oGenius in his own right
oOn the next page Eddie appears in the same position
Portrays himself as a pitiable figure; but Eddie is conscious of what he is doing
Artist that dies for the passion of his art; the author dies in his book
Challenges the reader to discover what he has written
Campbell gestures to thepostmodern condition.” In which directions does postmodernism move art and artist?
oPushing away the artist for the readers interpretations
oDeath of the author is the birth of the reader
But why kill off the artist entirely?
oPresence of the author is in the book, but his is absent from its pages
oIs it more difficult to interpret a book with the author present? Part of reading is the reader interpreting the
novel for himself/herself
If the artist is truly dead, how can her/his work of art change and transform?
oThrough the interpretation of the reader; several different readers who bring their own perspectives onto
the work
Honeybee
oParallels Eddie Campbells relationship to his wife
oPg 4
Play on visionary; difference between what you have and what you get (claims he is a visionary
but takes someone elses hat)
Parallels Blondiecomic strip
www.notesolution.com

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Description
ENG235: The Fate of the Artist Roland Barthes, The Death of the Author (1967) The text is a tissue of quotations drawn from the innumerable centres of culture. (most significant) Death of the author is the birth of the reader Text is a multi-dimensional space in which a variety of writing, none of them original, blend and clash. o Drawing on different cultures o Things we experience are not original at all o Idea of the original no longer exists Way to interpret text does not only lie within the author If our lives are texts and if we know that there are no originals what do our lives draw upon? o Things that come before us; pieces of cultures that precede us and thus nourish us? o Does this mean we are fragmented as well? The cultural montage which characterizes Western culture It is always in flux the only sure thing we can know is change and what is temporary Intertexuality Our lives are intertexts Arthur Danto For the last 150 years, western art has become more an object lesson in self-discovery than a medium of aesthetic representation Idea of What is beauty? shifts to What is art? o Shift to individualism o Questioning what is beauty Warhol o Art is anything you say is art Artist loses authority through constant fragmentation over generations Celebrity o Self-awareness of your actions The Fate of the Artist www.notesolution.com
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