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ENG365H1 Lecture Notes - Miscarriage, Role Model, Nonlinear Narrative

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Swede as Kennedy
Role model for America, end of American Dream, hardworking, beautiful woman
Married couple seem happy but problems (Kennedy miscarriage vs Levov…)
Zuckerman paints Swede as larger than life like Kennedy was after death
Swede’s father mentioning how Mrs Kennedy brought and ended glove fashion
for women -> Swede’s company
Symbol of American golden age before downfall…
Free and direct discourse (objective narrator takes on tone of character)
Multiplicity of narrative voices/tones to distance self from work
Perceived objectivity
How America thinks of itself vs what happens
Rhetorical questions (responsibility…), long paragraphs of conversation, textual
history elements (letters, newspapers), levels of narrative
Swede’s self-assured external voice vs Merry’s stuttering… generational and
ideological differences
Imagined by Zuckerman… instability of mythical structure, fall and return
Stories connecting across generations and others, unite
Pastoral: romantic, exaggerated rep of bucolic lives of shepherds and herdsmen
Childhood, innocence, simplicity, peace
Implied opposition to complexities of city life
Sometimes connected to Garden of Eden
“Myth functioning as memory…” (Williams)
paradise gains meaning from the fall or don’t recognize it
rather than celebrating real shepherd life (brutal in reality), contrasting peace of
country life with disturbance of war and political chaos in cities Williams
pg 190 Swede’s house
160 years old at point in novel… looks like it’s been there since beginning of
primitiveness, rocks, infantile citizenship, “natural “ connection to nation
house built at same date of Constitution being negotiated, nation really
symbol of basic inherent connection to America as nation, America made
America through natural expression out of landscape rather than out of decision
and judgements
Great Gatsby Gatsby’s house, human dream, enchanted… fresh, green breast of
new world…
Dawn’s cattle… to Swede cattle is memory of family when they were not
fractured… prized bull… before gap between Dawn and Merry
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