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Lecture

FAH246H1 Lecture Notes - George Grosz, Art Dealer, German Expressionism


Department
Art
Course Code
FAH246H1
Professor
Mark Cheetham

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FAH246 -Sept 26
CUBISM Painting
PICASSO , BRAQUE
Sculptural expression in cubism, motion and simultaneity
Sense of motion, seeing different thing and facets of one thing, dynamism
- in sculpture you also get sense of dynamism
- Was experimental style, not in one medium, but it becomes very traditional in 20th century
- Painting still remains central to experimentation
- Other artists in France and elsewhere also experimenting with cubism, apart from Picasso
and Braque
- Impatient style
- Mondrian, Malevich
- Became a right of passage for Avant-garde artists to find out what they could
- Cubism still dealt with three dimensional space
- Molinari thought Mondrian got rid of cubist space. Dialectic in Mondrian’s paintings really
old fashioned, he thought it needed to be purified. He tried to radicalize cubism, we can see
the struggle within stylistic designation
- Very important in cubist painting is that you get references outside the contour of canvas
- Lettering in cubism is very important, as well as every part of the canvas
- All of these artists were fascinated with the notion of the fourth dimension, experimenting
with the impossible.
- They were interested in those radical temporalities and the temporality of space
- Manipulation of interior elements that were dark
Picasso
Still life with chair canning -1912
- Inventing a whole new form: collage
- Many think of this as the first collage
- Puts together different elements, compare to Magritte The human
Condition
- Different aspects of reality: stuck on real piece of chair back, real fake
chair canning, applying this surface
- Zones of transition
- Strange distinctions among different levels of surface as in levels of reality, he plays with that
- Illusion of letters standing, allusion to manipulation of surface. All these passages
- Brings change in the possibility of illusion in an obviously 2d surface
- Doesn’t state the confines of painting, gives you different techniques, collage, de-colle (pieces
that are glued on), a new technique for sculpture
- Speculate as to what is real?
- Sculpture, is this a new technique: up to this point, sculpture was reduced to cast, bronze or
steel yet his Guitar is assembled or constructed
- Analytic and synthetic cubism. Refers to a method: analysis and distinction of different part/
and the synthetic: is synthesis of different parts, re assembling of sculptures and re-
synthetizing those parts. It applies to the way the work was done.
*Artists very often set up their studios, he shows you the kind of experimentation he was involved in
* working in 2d and 3d
*different layers of meaning of synthetic cubist works
Picasso
Violin many layers
To what extent are we supposed to read the pieces of newspaper articles?
Dealing with WWI, is it an accident? If it wasn’t, how topical or synthetic were
cubist works at this time?
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